Global Views with Local Perspectives
Segev provides a comparative analysis of the international scope of online newspapers, news portals, and news aggregators in different languages and cultures, using innovative web mining techniques and network analysis. This book explores the theory of news flow around the world, and analyses many of its dimensions such as the global standing of the United States, the Middle Eastern conflicts as seen around the world, and, the effect of financial news. In doing so, the book unveils new patterns, meanings and implications of international news on our perception of the world.
Following these insights, the author discusses the opportunities and challenges of studying international news flow online in the future, and how this field of research can be further developed theoretically and empirically.
Chapter 1. International News Flow: From Theory to Practice
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INTERNATIONAL NEWS FLOW: FROM THEORY TO PRACTICE
International news is for many people the major way to learn about the outside world. It has the power to set our focus on countries that are seemingly the most influential international players and those that are hardly visible and thus remain “terra incognito” in our consciousness. In addition, by focusing on certain events and choosing specific words and phrases, international news frames the image of countries as positive, neutral, or negative. In doing so, international news plays an important role in shaping the views of newsreaders and policy makers, guiding them through the agenda and stands on certain international topics and issues. In order to understand this process, the first stage would be to examine what is the international agenda and how it is constructed. The following chapter addresses exactly these questions, laying the foundations for international news-flow theory. It looks at the various factors that make a country newsworthy in the international news of other countries.
Over the years scholars have studied the relationship between the news prominence of a country and its physical, economic, political, social, and cultural traits, such as its size or economic power. Together with many similarities, it has been widely accepted that international news in different countries and languages displays various differences (Gerbner & Marvanyi, 1977; Kayser, 1953; Segev, 2010; Segev & Hills, 2013; Wilke et al., 2012), reflecting local ← 13 | 14 → interests and agendas....
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