A Syntactic and Semantic Investigation of German and English
8 Co-Occurrence of Applicatives
In this chapter, I discuss the co-occurrence possibilities of applicative arguments. Vogel and Steinbach (1998) speculate that the co-occurrence of multiple (dative-marked) applicatives in German is “restricted only semantically (i.e. each dative needs a different interpretation)” (p. 27). It follows from this that no applicative should be recursive because the applicative head would assign the same thematic role twice.105 It also follows that, if Vogel and Steinbach (1998) are right, all applicatives should be allowed to appear together because each of them is associated with a different thematic role. I show below that this is true for English (section 8.3) and German (section 8.2) as long as the individual selectional and verbal requirements for each applicative are met.
In German, no applicative head is recursive (379). This supports the contention by Vogel and Steinbach (1998) that a different interpretation for each applicative argument is a necessary requirement for the co-occurrence of applicatives.
← 188 | 189 → However, not all different types of applicatives can co-occur despite having different thematic roles. Typically, if the requirements on the verb licensing the different types of applicative arguments do not overlap, the applicatives cannot co-occur. The following table gives an overview of the possible co-occurrences.106
Table 2: Co-occurrences of German Applicative Arguments
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