A Comparative Study of Chicago and Madrid
Edited By Francisco Velasco Caballero and María de los Angeles Torres
Chapter Eleven: Democracy and Immigration in Spain
← 256 | 257 → CHAPTER ELEVEN
Democracy and Immigration in Spain
SUSANA SÁNCHEZ FERRO, AUTONOMOUS UNIVERSITY OF MADRID
The Spanish Council of State, the consultative body of the national government, in its report on proposals to change the Spanish general election system and when reflecting on the political participation system foreseen in the Spanish Constitution (SC), refers to the centralization of elections and applicable provisions within the regulatory structure of a democratic state, “albeit merely based on their immediate link with the sovereign people.” For the Council of State, the state’s democratic nature depends, “to a large extent, on the ability of the electoral system to adequately achieve a political representation of society.” An “electoral system at the service of democracy demands that all elections generate a body that represents the electoral body, in material and political terms and not just formally” (Consejo de Estado, 2009, pp. 10, 12).
THE SPANISH CONSTITUTION
The 1789 French Revolution identified citizenship with nationality, “belonging to a nation (rather than a people), as subject to sovereignty” (De Lucas, 2006, p. 22). Throughout the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, political rights were linked to nationality; the idea of citizenship revolved around the idea of a nation and, later, of a people, albeit consisting of national citizens only. National sovereignty and, later, popular sovereignty meant that institutional decisions were endorsed ← 257 | 258 → by the will of the nation or people, which consisted of national citizens (Aja...
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