Part Three: The Pelagian Crisis (411–430)
Edited By Frederick Van Fleteren
Note 81: Quaestiones ad Dulcitium
Quaestiones ad Dulcitium
The text of Quaestiones ad Dulcitium reports that Easter Sunday that year was the third of the kalends of April, March 30.2 The same date is read in all manuscripts and printed versions.3 Bucherius notes Easter was on March 30 during Augustine’s episcopacy only in 419 and 430.4 No one says the book to Dulcitius was written in 430 if only because Retractationes where this work is noted does not cover works in that year. The year 419 would then remain as the year of composition. Augustine was in Carthage at the end of May where he had spent the three months after Easter.
This opinion is apparently well founded, but can not be followed: this treatise cites Enchiridion which could not have been written before 421 since Augustine calls Jerome “of happy memory.”5 According to Prosper, Jerome died on September 30, 420. Jerome had written Augustine in 419 which supposes he was still living in September, 419.6
There must be an error in Augustine’s text. Instead of III kal. Apr., we might read VII kal. Apr. (March 26) or XI kal. Apr (March 22). In 422 Easter occurred March 22. Bucherius indicates some Latins celebrated Easter in 425 on this date. Likely the church of Hippo was among this number.
III kal. is uniformly read, so it is better to see if Easter could not have been in some year where we can...
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