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Political History of Guinea since World War Two

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Mohamed Saliou Camara

Political History of Guinea since World War Two provides an in-depth study of the political evolution of Guinea from World War Two to the present. Based on primary-source information, it examines with rare depth and breadth the eventful history of this nation-state, whose trajectory has impacted in no small ways Francophone Africa and the rest of the continent. Interviews with some of the most knowledgeable and most credible actors and/or witnesses of Guinea’s political history and archival research, including the papers of key individuals never opened to the public before, constitute the foundation of this work. The author’s personal and professional experience further strengthens the work. As a native Guinean, a historian, and a journalist imbued with the political ideology of the PDG regime, the author was also a close and alert witness of the political transformation of this country. Hence, the book offers an incisive analysis of domestic politics and policy making under the five successive regimes that have governed Guinea since independence in 1958. It also offers an equally incisive analysis of the country’s foreign relations within international frameworks such as the Organization of African Unity, the United Nations, the Nonalignment Movement, the Economic Community of West African States, the Mano River Union, the Organization of the Islamic Conference, and so on. This ground-breaking work is perfectly suited for courses in areas such as history, political science, African studies, decolonization studies, Third World studies, and nationalism studies.
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Chapter 5. Doctrinal Paradigms and Domestic Policy of the Touré Regime

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Chapter 5

Doctrinal Paradigms and Domestic Policy of the Touré Regime

Like most ideological single-party systems, the PDG regime developed a political and ideological doctrine resting upon a set of paradigms which most often informed the party-state’s policy making. Foremost of those paradigms was that of revolutionary action. The term “Revolution” entered the party’s official lexicon between 1964, with the adoption of the regime’s Blueprint Law and the proclamation of the socialist path, and 1968, with the proclamation of the so-called Socialist Cultural Revolution. Revolution in this context carries a Marxist-Leninist-Maoist annotation in that it implies a change of political regime (from colonialism to national sovereignty) and involves “a fundamental change in the social and economic organization of the society.”1 In other words, and to paraphrase Graham Evans and Jeffrey Newnham, it refers to a fundamental transformation of the institutions and values of the Guinean society.

Unlike the French understanding of the finitude of their 1789 Revolution, for example, Guineans were made to believe in the infinitude of the PDG revolution, just as the Chinese and Cubans believed in the perpetuity of Communism and Americans in the innate rightness of capitalism. Touré explained his conception, stating that infinitude is to true people-driven revolutions what finitude is to mere mass revolts. Revolts are temporary crises that are classically ended through repression or short-term satisfaction of the revolted masses’ demands while revolutions, although beginning with revolts, evolve into self-sustaining socio-political cultures with...

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