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Cognitive Insights into Discourse Markers and Second Language Acquisition

Edited By Iria Bello, Carolina Bernales, Maria Vittoria Calvi and Elena Landone

This volume employs a range of empirical methodologies – including eyetracking, direct observation, qualitative research and corpus analysis – to describe the use of discourse markers in second language acquisition. The variety of different approaches used by the contributors facilitates the observation of correlations between morphosyntactic, semantic and pragmatic features of discourse markers and enriches our understanding of the cognitive behaviour of L2 speakers, both in the understanding and production of texts. Some of the essays examine the acquisitional paths of discourse markers in instructional and natural contexts, with a particular focus on situations of language contact and social integration; others describe experimental studies that analyse the cognitive processing of discourse markers in L2 learners. All the contributions aim to offer new insights which will expand and develop existing theoretical claims about this area of study and open up avenues for further research.

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1 Evidentiality, intersubjectivity and ownership of the information: The evidential utterances with así que and que in Spanish (Eugenia Sainz)


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1 Evidentiality, intersubjectivity and ownership of the information: The evidential utterances with así que and que in Spanish


This paper focuses on utterances introduced by the conjunctions así que and que, when used at the opening of a conversation in absence of an explicit first member (Rodríguez Ramalle 2008, 2010, 2013, 2014a, 2014b, 2015, 2016). The research questions are as follows: How is the evidential meaning associated with the two utterances? Which semantic properties can be identified in each of them? What is their function in the interaction?

The paper is structured in six parts: In the second section, the theoretical background for the analysis is presented, closely following the results produced from research into evidentiality (among others, Lazard 1999, 2001; Ifantidou 2001; Plungian 2001; Nuyts 2001, 2006, 2012; Aikhenvald 2004; Bermúdez 2005; Cornillie 2009; Cuenca 2015). Then, attention is drawn to the utterance introduced by así que. Thirdly, in order to refine the analysis and better capture the semantic properties of the evidential meanings, a comparison is made with the evidential utterance introduced by que (Rodríguez Ramalle 2016). The fifth section addresses the pragmatic function of evidentials in interaction (Fox 2011; Nucholls and Michael 2014). Conclusions are offered in the last section. The language samples are drawn from the Corpus de Referencia del Español Actual (CREA). ← 13 | 14 →

Theoretical fundamentals for the analysis of the evidentiality


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