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Austerity and the Implementation of the Europe 2020 Strategy in Spain

Re-shaping the European Productive and Social Model: a Reflexion from the South

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Edited By Javier Ramos and Esther del Campo

This book adopts a critical perspective to analyze the Europe-2020 Strategy and its effects on the transformation of the European productive and social model, particularly in Spain. The evidence provided in this book suggests that the Europe-2020 strategy cannot be dissociated from the policies of commodification initiated in the Stability and Growth Pact (Maastricht, 1997) nor from the Austerity measures implemented to deal with the financial crisis in 2007. 

These policies of «commodification» and «austerity» are seriously limiting Europe-2020 capacity to foster a smart, sustainable and inclusive productive transition, while adding greatly to the continuous process of precarization and social exclusion that European societies are suffering, especially in Southern Europe.   

The book presents empirical evidence on these externalities in areas as diverse as EU foreign policy, entrepreneurship or gender equality. But the special emphasis has been placed in those areas that the Europe 2020 strategy considers crucial such as employment, R&D, climate change and energy sustainability, education and fighting against poverty in Spain.

Thanks to the profuse analyses carried out by a group of leading Spanish academics, the book constitutes a benchmark for scholars, practitioners and the general public interested in European and Spanish economic policy issues.

"Essential contributions on the challenges faced by the Spanish economy when it comes to strengthening the Welfare State" (Valeriano Gómez, former Minister of Employment)

"A most useful collection of contributions addressing Spain’s difficulties in dealing with an indebted economy, and in need of re-shaping its strategic productive and social models within the EU" (Luis Moreno, IPP-CSIC).

"This book provides appealing insights into the evolution of the Spanish productive and social protection systems under austerity, as well as an analysis of crucial aspects of the implementation of the EU 2020 Strategy. A must-read for professionals and students interested on European" (Ana Marta Guillén, Dep Sociology- Oviedo University)

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The Entrepreneur within the Framework of the Europe 2020 Strategy. The Route of the Entrepreneurial Activation Idea in the European Union (Antonio Santos Ortega / David Muñoz-Rodríguez)

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The Entrepreneur within the Framework of the Europe 2020 Strategy

The Route of the Entrepreneurial Activation Idea in the European Union

Antonio SANTOS ORTEGA and David MUÑOZ-RODRÍGUEZ1

Introduction

The figure of the entrepreneur in the context of the social and economic relations has reached an unprecedented expansion in these years of subprime crisis. Initially confined to the sphere of economics or business, it has irradiated the field of occupational and social policies. More recently, it has begun to infiltrate even in intimate areas of life, of consciousness. Not in vain there is talk of entrepreneurial spirit. These last areas are located farther away each time from the commercial origin of the entrepreneur term and thus provoke a surprise in seeing associated words that had not shared semantic field. In these semantic associations, the idea of entrepreneurial appropriates the sense that accompanies it, in the manner of intrusive species that are installed in a habitat where they were not present and kill the native species.

Something similar happened in regulations and European documents when, over the past two decades, the term entrepreneur began to appear and gradually it was displacing other ways of naming reality. Forms that have been disappearing or that have to adjust to the already hegemonic new enterprising variety. Today, which becomes difficult is not to find this figure in the mentioned normative frame. All the produced dispositions are folded to the...

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