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Italian Yearbook of Human Rights 2017

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Edited By Centro di Ateneo per i Diritti Umani

The Italian Yearbook of Human Rights 2017 offers an up-to-date overview of the measures Italy has taken to adapt its legislation and policies to international human rights law and to comply with commitments voluntarily assumed by the Italian Government at the international level on the subject of fundamental rights. The 2017 Yearbook surveys the most significant activities of national and local Italian actors at domestic and international level, including civil society organisations and universities. It also dedicates space to recommendations made by international monitoring bodies within the framework of the United Nations, OSCE, the Council of Europe, and the European Union. Finally, the Yearbook provides a selection of international and national case-law that casts light on Italy's position vis-à-vis internationally recognised human rights.

"Italy and Human Rights in 2016: the "Long March" towards Establishing Independent National Human Rights Institutions and the Ambiguous Addition of the Crime of Torture to the Italian Criminal Code" is the title of the 2017 Yearbook introduction.

The Italian Agenda of Human Rights 2017 represents an updated orientation tool with regards the main initiatives to be undertaken on the legislative, infrastructural and policy-making fronts in order to strengthen the Italian system for promoting and protecting human rights.

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Sub-national Human Rights Structures

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I. Peace Human rights Offices in Municipalities, Provinces and Regions

At the sub-national level, especially by virtue of the inclusion of the “peace human rights norm” in thousands of Municipal, Provincial and Regional Statutes, and of the adoption of dedicated regional laws on this topic (see Part I, Italian Law, III), Italy has a number of consultancies, offices, departments, bureaux and centres for human rights, peace, equal opportunity, development cooperation, fair trade and international solidarity. Statistical data on the spread of these structures were given in the 2011 Yearbook (pp. 133–134), and specific examples were presented in the ensuing editions.

During 2016, some municipal human rights structures were involved in a European research project entitled ADPOLIS (Anti-discrimination policies successfully implemented). The project seeks to analyse factors which made some policies against racial or ethnic discrimination implemented in various European towns successful, and to set out, based on the experience of the towns chosen, a series of model policies which may be implemented by any other municipal administration working on these issues. The ADPOLIS project is coordinated by the European Training Centre for Human Rights and Democracy at Graz University, with the participation of researchers from different European centres including the Human Rights Centre at the University of Padova, UNESCO, and the European Coalition of Cities against Racism (ECCAR).

II. Ombudspersons in the Italian Regions and Provinces

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