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Transdisciplinary Discourses on Cross-Border Cooperation in Europe

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Edited By Joachim Beck

In the context of European integration, cross-border cooperation has become increasingly important. Following both the quantitative and qualitative expansion of this policy-field, it has repeatedly been the subject of scientific analysis in the past. However, as a result of the classical differentiation of the scientific system, it was mostly viewed from a monodisciplinary perspective. This publication aims at the foundation of a trans-disciplinary research approach in the field of European cross-border cooperation. It takes the multi-dimensional reality of practical territorial cooperation in Europe as a starting point and develops a transdisciplinary scientific approach. Based on a common analytic frame of reference, practical patterns of cross-border policy-making in different European border regions are analyzed from the integrated theoretical perspectives of various scientific disciplines: Political Science, Geography, Sociology, History, Law, Cultural Sciences and Socio-Linguistics, Economics and Administrative Science. The scientific conceptualizations are expanded by reports from practitioners coming from different institutional and functional levels of European cross-border policy-making.

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The EGTC Eurodistrict PAMINA. A facilitator of cross-border cooperation (Patrice Harster)

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The EGTC Eurodistrict PAMINA

A facilitator of cross-border cooperation

Patrice HARSTER

Introduction

The beginnings of cooperation between the border territories of the Southern Palatinate, Mittlerer Oberrhein and Northern Alsace date back to the end of World War II, with activities as modest as essential. After the Marshall Plan and the creation in 1948 of the O.E.C.E. (European Organization for Economic Cooperation) which allowed Western Europe to avoid bankruptcy, the real Europe remained to be done. In many countries, various movements for European unity emerged, and they obtained the creation of the Council of Europe, whose statutes were adopted on May 5, 1949. Among the various movements and projects that emerged in this context, one is focused on the region of Wissembourg, Landau and Karlsruhe. This project called “White Village” made Wissembourg the capital of Europe to come (Weigel, 1986-1987). On Sunday, August 6, 1950, this movement of young European federalists meets at the St.Germanshof to proclaim its desire to build European unity. The young federalists have symbolically attacked the French and German barriers.1 The movement was however exhausted very quickly and in 1954 it returned to national problems of territorial possessions. Creating a federal state straddling France and Germany to bring together all the European institutions was also a proposal put forward by Maurice Allais, a supporter of Europe. This state had to be located on both sides of the Lauter, between Wissembourg and Lauterbourg and to be...

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