From Embeddedness to Co-construction
Edited By CIRIEC, Xabier Itçaina and Nadine Richez-Battesti
The articulation between the social and solidarity-based economy (SSE) and territory is not self-evident. For the contributions to this volume, the challenge was one of disentangling these interrelations by avoiding two pitfalls. The first, the idealist perspective, sees SSE as the magic answer to all neoliberalism-related ills. The demystifing perspective, by contrast, emphasizes the relentless routinization and isomorphism of SSE enterprises, which eventually end up resorting to market-oriented and/or public economy oriented models. Local case studies can extricate from this dilemma. Close observation of complex local configurations where public, private, associative and cooperative actors and issues are deeply entangled, enables to achieve a nuanced understanding of the territorial dynamics of the SSE. This book is the result of the International Ciriec working group on SSE and territory (http://www.ciriec.uliege.be/en/research/commission-es/themes-en-cours/theme-de-recherche-1-2). It emanates from an interdisciplinary dialogue conducted among researchers from nine countries and two continents, Europe and America. If contexts vary from one country to another, the contributions underline the capacity of SSE to elaborate original inputs to social, economic and sustainable local development. Based on original case studies, the contributions illustrate different strategies of SSE organisations in their respective territories. SSE provides an innovative answer to changes in socio-economic and political regulations, by promoting new forms of territorial cooperation. Despite the differences between the case studies, all the chapters of this book contribute towards a balanced approach to the territorial regimes of the SSE which interweaves socio-economic approaches to local and community development, analysis of SSE governance, social mobilizations and territorial policymaking.
Chapter 10: Social Economy and Sustainable Territorial Development. The Inclusion of People with Disabilities in Labor in Southern Brazil (Maurício Serva / Júlia Graeff)
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Social Economy and Sustainable Territorial Development
The Inclusion of People with Disabilities in Labor in Southern Brazil
Maurício SERVA & Júlia GRAEFF
Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina
This study analyses social economy organizations located in Florianópolis, the state capital of Santa Catarina, Southern Brazil, which work on labor training for visually impaired people and people with intellectual disabilities. The study aims to point out how such micro-initiatives can contribute to sustainable territorial development (Andion et al., 2006). According to the 2010 Census of the Brazilian institute of geography and statistics (IBGE), the majority of visually impaired people are living in the South of the country, and the employment rate for people with disabilities in the State of Santa Catarina is low in comparison to other States (Hammes, Nuernberg, 2015).
This study defends that the operation of these organizations presents characteristics of the sustainable territorial development approach, especially regarding the social dimension of development because of the possibility of inclusion of a portion of the population who is outside the labor market (Maccali et al., 2015). Inclusion processes implemented by the analyzed organizations show evidence of special preparation in order to train the beneficiaries, as well as showing evidence of the creation of organizational environment and management practices that are appropriate for the inclusion of people with disabilities (Hammes, Nuernberg, 2015). Noteworthy is the importance of...
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