The emergence of new (Eur-)Asian regions and dialogues with Europe
Edited By Pierre Chabal, Yann Alix and Kuralay Baizakova
This book analyses the gradual fusion of Europe and Asia into a Eurasian dynamic combining institutional and identity aspects. The seventh in a series of Europe–Asia conferences covering regime dynamics, cooperation policies, regional competition, the limits of regions, mutual understanding and cross-border exchanges, it shows that Eurasian continental developments are outgrowing sub-region designations such as Western Europe, Southeast Asia, East Asia and Central Asia.
Ten years ago, before the launch of the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), regional dynamics seemed clearly delineated, especially with inter-state groupings mapping out space – the EU, the ASEAN, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) – and organisations overseeing pan-continental competition such as the Conference on Interaction and Confidence-building in Asia (CICA), the Eurasian Economic Union, etc. Today, the less institutional and more macro-economic scheme of an infrastructure and transport network coined as "China’s BRI" changes the research environment.
Gathering about thirty scholars from a dozen Eurasian countries, this book contains views from East Asia (Mongolia, China), Central Asia (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan), Western Europe (France, Belgium), Eastern Europe (Poland, Romania, Hungary, Turkey) and the Caucasus (Azerbaijan). Asia and Europe can no longer be understood except as Eurasian sub-entities. Multi-dimensionally, the book draws from history, international economic relations, politics, geography, economics, cultural studies, public and private law, business studies, peace and conflict studies, public administration, and even literary criticism to tackle the question: what is Eurasia?
Kazakhstan’s integration policy and economic ‘new regionalism’: Fatima Kukeyeva
The current geopolitical world structure development is determined by processes of globalisation and regionalisation. The “new regionalism” is one such new trends in these global and regional processes. New characteristics of a region consider connect to regional integration as cooperation among countries of a given geographic/functional region intends to develop and strengthen economic, socio-political, military and other ties based on the principle of voluntariness, during which co-recognition of national interests occurs as well as convergence of various state-structures.
Traditionally (classical regionalism), a region is simplistically associated with a region consisting of states that have common ethnic, linguistic, cultural, social and historical ties or the presence of a specific regional organisation. Classical or “Old regionalism” had a narrow focus on politics, security, economics, culture...
“New regionalism” is characterised by broad areas of cooperation (ecology, terrorism, energy…), multi-tasking (at various levels), various formats (summits, forums, programmes, initiatives…), multidimensionality (a state can be member to several integration associations that may differ both in the areas of activity and the goals of creation). The global dimension of this phenomenon is the “Global region”, a structured space with both traditional factors (geographical, historical, civilisational and cultural) and new factors of the postmodern era (network, communication, virtual, etc.)1.
These and other characteristics of the “new regionalism” indicate not only the geographical, but also the functional basis of modern integration. Examples include mega-projects such as the Transatlantic Partnership, the Asia-Pacific Space, the idea of an Arab...
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