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A Course in Applied Linguistics for Arab EFL/ESL Students

Hashim H. Noor and Nassir S. Al-Qadi

A Course in Applied Linguistics for Arab EFL/ESL Students has been developed keeping in view the academic needs of native-Arabic speakers learning English as a second/foreign language. The book in the process of understanding how students acquire second language, sheds some light on how children acquire their first language. It reviews the observations of theorists on Contrastive Analysis, Error Analysis and Interlanguage as main factors that influence learners’ performance. Some examples from real performance of Arab EFL/ESL learners are discussed and analyzed. The book reviews the observations of linguists and psychologists on the role of extrinsic and intrinsic non-linguistic factors that affect SLA. The book also gives good consideration of the views of experts on the efficacy of strategy training.

At the end of each chapter, there are study questions to provide an opportunity for the readers to test their proficiency. Similarly, projects are also added for the students to practice. A list of references is added at the end of each chapter for further reading. The book has a rich Glossary to provide students with definitions of the most important terms.

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Chapter 2: First Language Acquisition

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Chapter 2: First Language Acquisition

This chapter discusses how children acquire their first language. It covers the following approaches of first langauge acquisition:

2.1    Introduction

One of the most fascinating aspects of human development is the ability to acquire a language. We all watch and listen with absolute fascination to the first words uttered by babies. Indeed, learning a language is an amazing achievement which has attracted the attention of linguists and psycholinguists for generations. It is believed, with complete confidence, that human language is a gift from our Creator, Allah, for all mankind. To that end, human beings are provided with certain biological tools, which enable us to acquire language proficiency from infancy. In this regard, there are certain questions that need to be tackled:

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