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Exploring discourse and ideology through corpora

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Edited By Miguel Fuster Márquez, José Santaemilia, Carmen Gregori-Signes and Paula Rodríguez-Abruñeiras

This book explores discourse mainly through corpus linguistics methods. Indeed, Corpus-Assisted Discourse Studies has become a widely used approach for the critical (or non-critical) analysis of discourses in recent times. The book focuses on the analysis of different kinds of discourse, but most particularly on those which attempt to unveil social attitudes and values. Although a corpus methodology is deemed crucial in all research found here, it should not be inferred that a single, uniform technique is applied, but a wide variety of them, often shaped by the software which has been used. Also, more than one (qualitative or quantitative) methodology or drawing from various relevant sources is often called for in the critical analysis of discourses.

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Coverage of the far-right in the Spanish written press: The case of Vox: Salvador Enguix-Oliver and Beatriz Gallardo-Paúls

Salvador Enguix-Oliver and Beatriz Gallardo-Paúls

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On 7 October 2018 the Spanish far-right party Vox held a rally at the Palacio de Vistalegre Arena in Madrid that marked a milestone as regards the media attention given to this party, which then had no representation in parliament. On the chronological axis of that 7 October, this chapter presents the results of a corpus analysis on the treatment of Vox in the Spanish written press. The analysis seeks to contribute some specific evidence to the often-debated hypothesis that the media attention received by far-right European parties favours their access to democratic institutions, as was precisely the case of Vox in the Andalusian parliament in the regional elections of 2 December 2018. The analysis we conduct takes the political nature of journalistic discourse as its premise (Borrat 1989; Charron 2000; Mc Nair 2000; Enguix 2015), and its role in the rise of extremism, for which we rely on the idea of “media populism” put forward by Mazzoleni (2008):

The example of social and political malaise− a common precondition for the growth of anti-political sentiments − shows that both political and media factors form a unique alliance, whose catalyst may be found in the country’s political culture at a given time. This malaise is certainly not pro-voked by the media, but the media do play a role in disseminating it (Mazzoleni 2008: 50).

Against this backdrop, we examine the journalistic pieces that most widely read Spanish newspapers published about Vox on the days before and after the...

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