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Historical (Im)politeness

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Jonathan Culpeper and Dániel Z. Kádár

This edited collection investigates historical linguistic politeness and impoliteness. Although some research has been undertaken uniting politeness and historical pragmatics, it has been sporadic at best, and often limited to traditional theoretical approaches. This is a strange state of affairs, because politeness plays a central role in the social dynamics of language. This collection, containing contributions from renowned experts, aims to fill this hiatus, bringing together cutting-edge research. Not only does it illuminate the language usage of earlier periods, but by examining the past it places politeness today in context. Such a diachronic perspective also affords a further test-bed for current models of politeness. This volume provides insights into historical aspects of language, particularly items regularly deployed for politeness functions, and the social, particularly interpersonal, contexts with which it interacts. It also sheds light on how (social) meanings are dynamically constructed in situ, and probes various theoretical aspects of politeness. Its papers deploy a range of multilingual (e.g. English, Spanish, Italian and Chinese) diachronic data drawn from different genres such as letters, dramas, witch trials and manners books.

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Acknowledgements .............................................................................. 7 DÁNIEL Z. KÁDÁR / JONATHAN CULPEPER Historical (Im)politeness: An Introduction .......................................... 9 MARCEL BAX Epistolary Presentation Rituals Face-work, Politeness and Ritual Display in Early Modern Dutch Letter-Writing ............................................................. 37 SUSAN FITZMAURICE Changes in the Meanings of politeness in Eighteenth-century England: Discourse Analysis and Historical Evidence ...................................... 87 DÁNIEL Z. KÁDÁR Exploring the Historical Chinese Polite Denigration/Elevation Phenomenon ................................................. 117 MINNA NEVALA Keeping Up Appearances Facework in Self- and Addressee-Oriented Person Reference ......... 147 ANDREAS H. JUCKER “In curteisie was set ful muchel hir lest” Politeness in Middle English ............................................................ 175 ANNICK PATERNOSTER Politeness and Style in The Betrothed (I Promessi Sposi, 1840), An Italian Novel by Alessandro Manzoni ........................................ 201 JEREMY KING The Role of Power and Solidarity in Politeness Theory: The Case of Golden Age Spanish ..................................................... 231 JIM O’DRISCOLL Epilogue ............................................................................................ 265 Notes on Contributors ....................................................................... 289 Index of Subjects .............................................................................. 295 Index of Names ................................................................................. 299

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