Correspondences with Welch, Cushing, Garrison, and Ackerknecht
Edited By Marcel H. Bickel
1. Correspondence Henry E. Sigerist – William H. Welch 1927–1933
14 15 1.1. Introduction 1.1.1. William H. Welch (1850–1934) William Henry Welch was born in Norfolk, CT, on 8 April 1850, the son of a physician. He studied at Yale University in New Haven, CT, and at the College of Physicians and Sur- geons in New York, obtaining his M. D. degree in 1875. During an internship at the Bellevue Hospital he developed a keen interest in pa- thology. After one year he started for a training tour in Europe, as did many colleagues interested in scien- tific medicine. For two years he stud- ied research methods in Strasburg, Leipzig, Breslau, and Vienna under medical leaders like Waldeyer, von Recklinghausen, Hoppe-Seyler, Ludwig, Weigert, Cohnheim and others. He returned with a scientific, laboratory-based training in pathology. Back in New York Welch inaugurated the first teaching laboratory in pathology in the U.S., however, with restricted possibilities to do research. The way out of frustration was his being offered the professorship in pathology at the newly founded Johns Hopkins University in 1884. Before moving to Baltimore Welch spent another year in Germany, concentrating on the rapidly emerging fields of bacteriology and public health and studying with Robert Koch in Berlin and Max von Pettenkofer in Munich. In 1885 Welch started work at the Johns Hopkins University where, in collaboration with President Gilman, John S. Billings, and H. Newell Martin he succeeded to recruit the best possible men for the new Hopkins Hospital and Medical School: Osler, Halsted, Kelly, Mall, Abel, Howell, 16...
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