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Discourse, Identities and Roles in Specialized Communication


Edited By Giuliana Elena Garzone and James Archibald

The studies presented in this volume focus on two distinct but related areas of specialized communication professional and academic settings, resting on an anti-essentialist notion of identity as a phenomenon that emerges from the dialectic between individual and society.
The authors start from a detailed analysis of discourse practices as evidenced in texts, their production and the professional performance patterns which underlie such practices, and explore the way the actors, roles and identities are constructed in language and discourse. In particular, by highlighting discursive attitudes and aptitudes, they underscore the need to understand discourse in light of norms of professional responsibility, showing that not only do professionals and academics use discourse to create self-identity, but they also use identity constructed through discourse to influence society.


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ULISSE BELOTTI Manifestations of Identity in Research Articles: The Case of Italian Economics Scholars 321


ULISSE BELOTTI Manifestations of Identity in Research Articles: The Case of Italian Economics Scholars 1. Introduction The investigation of the language of economics has been carried out on both the structure of information (Backhouse 1993) and on the language used to express concepts and viewpoints (Dudley-Evans 1993) or to mitigate ‘face-threatening’ claims (Bloor/Bloor 1993). What these studies have in common is that they analyse what native speakers have produced in the field of economics, while this work is a part of a project which aims to examine manifestations of identity in research articles (RA) written in English by Italian economics scholars. In a previous paper (Belotti 2008) I examined a corpus of 40 single-authored RA abstracts from four leading journals in the field of Economics: Cambridge Journal of Economics, Economic Notes, The Economic Journal and The Manchester School. Ten abstracts, published between 1996 and 2006, were randomly selected from issues of each journal and the analysis revealed interesting charac- teristics of this genre. As regards the rhetorical organization of the abstracts, data showed a high degree of variation of the IMRD (Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion) model as five different variations of this model were found in the corpus. As far as manifestations of identities are concerned, it was shown how abstractors established identity not only through the use of first-person pronouns or evaluative expressions but also by employing abbrevia- tions and intertextual devices. The purpose of this chapter is thus to examine the research articles themselves, to see if and...

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