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Habitus in Habitat II

Other Sides of Cognition

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Edited By Sabine Flach and Jan Söffner

Which are the aspects of cognition not yet focused on as such by brain research? How can one deal with them?
This book sheds light on the other sides of cognition, on what they mean for forms and figurations of subjective, cultural and social understanding. In examining nuances, exceptions, changes, emotions and absence of emotions, automatized actions and meaningful relations, states of minds and states of bodies, the volume searches new approaches to these phenomena in discussing the relation between the habitus – the habits and behavioral attitudes involved in cognition – and its embeddedness in a habitat. By opening a dialogue between artistic knowledge and the sciences, Other Sides of Cognition investigates novel avenues and concepts within science and research.
At a Berlin-based conference: Other Sides of Cognition, scholars gathered from various disciplines to discuss these issues. This book broadens perspectives on the interdisciplinary field encompassing perception, action and epistemic formations. It offers a new view on the related field of habitus and cognition.

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Different Minds

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Emil Post against Turing Machines Models of a Plural Mind1 PIERRE CASSOU-NOGUÈS Abstract This paper concentrates on Emil Post’s critical analysis of Turing machines and on the alternative models of the mind that he attempts to define. Without going into Post’s technical results, I rely on the logician’s unpublished notebooks to show that, though he has anticipated Turing’s thesis, Post criticizes, after 1938, Turing machines on the ground that the mind as represented in Turing’s analysis is essentially linear. States of mind succeed one another. They come one after the other. On the other hand, Post aims at describing the mind as essentially plural, with different lines of thoughts developing in parallel or different “workers”, various homunculi so to speak, acting together. I discuss two informal models, which may be found in Post’s notebooks, for this plurality of the mind. Emil Post against Turing Machines: Models of a Plural Mind My paper concerns the critical analysis that E. L. Post offers of Turing machines and the alternative models of the mind that he attempts to define. As is well known, the concept of a machine that the logician Allan Turing introduced in 1937 represented the main model of the cognitive mind at least until the 1990s. The identification of the mind with a Turing machine does not necessarily imply the reduction of the mind – mental phenomena, as they appear in the first person – to a mechanism such as that of the brain. A Turing machine is, so to speak,...

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