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Systems for the Phonetic Transcription of English: Theory and Texts

In collaboration with Inmaculada Arboleda

Series:

Rafael Monroy Casas

This book covers in a systematic way the main systems of phonetic transcription currently used for English. Unlike other texts in the market, which focus on just one type of transcriptional model, the book provides theoretical information and full practice for all systems.
The material is divided into seven sections headed by a lengthy introduction to the history and development of the International Phonetic Alphabet. A set of eighteen samples from real contemporary colloquial English (British English), graded in terms of difficulty, follows. The accent chosen is the one known as RP or BBC English, with some minor concession to other regional varieties which do not stray dramatically from RP. Different models of representation are used under three main transcription systems: qualitative, quantitative and mixed. By using an identical set of texts in ordinary spelling for each system, the reader can constantly check different ways of transcribing a word or an utterance depending on the model used.

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II. From theory to practice 43

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43 II. From theory to practice 44 45 5. The phonemic transcription of English Consonants Notationally speaking, consonant phonemes are characterized by a great stability in English, but as minor problems may exist between spelling and phonology, it is convenient that we see the representa- tion of the more common orthographic variants. 5.1 Plosive sounds and their orthographic representation PHONEMES /p/ /t/ /k/ /b/ /d/ /g/ ORTHOGRAPHIC REPRESENTATION p(p) t(t) (c)k (c)c ch qu b(b) d(d) g(g) a. Practice 1. Read and transcribe all the plosive sounds appearing in the words below. pipe take cake bit tight quick queen tick pretty putt choir addition picket bank request daddy good duck tiger occupy cheque rock redden rugby 46 b. Practice 2. Transcribe those words containing one or more plo- sive phonemes. A tenant told the Lambeth rent tribunal that his women visitors had to lie on the bed because there were no chairs in the room. ............................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................ Only two hours after a headmaster gave his 700 pupils a lecture on vandalism his school in Tottenham was burnt to the ground. ............................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................ 5.2 Fricatives (alveolars, linguo-dentals, labio-dentals and the glottal fricative) PHONEMES /s/ /z/ /θ/ /ð/ /f/ /v/ /h/ ORTHOGRAPHIC REPRESENTATION s (s) sc c s(s) z th th f(f) gh ph f v h wh postbag postdate goodbye petrol debate cupped cupboard butter attack apt chord cockpit mudguard paddock giggle top-quality 47 a. Practice 1. Read and transcribe all the fricative sounds...

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