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Syntax, Style and Grammatical Norms

English from 1500-2000

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Edited By Christiane Dalton-Puffer, Dieter Kastovsky and Nikolaus Ritt

The volume features a selection of new work presented at the 2004 meeting of the International Conference on English Historical Linguistics (ICEHL). Main conference themes reflected in this volume are: the maturation and broadening of historical corpus linguistics, a new interest in English for Specific Purposes as a diachronic phenomenon, and the role of grammar writing in the process of change. A further thematic strand of this book is the significance of functional aspects in the development of grammar and discourse, especially in domains beyond phonology and morphology. Several contributions focus on the operation of socio-pragmatic and functional factors in historically identifiable social networks, especially in the 18 th century. Apart from that there is also a strong emphasis on developments in the 19 th and 20 th centuries.

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THOMAS EGAN: Pronominal and Full Nominal Subjects in Expanding Constructions 91

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THOMAS EGAN HEDMARK UNIVERSITY COLLEGE Pronominal and Full Nominal Subjects in Expanding Constructions 1. Introduction This article deals with the question of whether or not the expansion of a construction in a language, in this case late twentieth-century British and American English (hereafter BE and AE), is likely to be accompanied by a change in the relative incidence of full nominal and pronominal subjects. It is well known that types of subject vary synchronically across genres, with spoken corpora containing more pronominal subjects of various types than written corpora (see, for example, Hindle 1981; Givón 1995: 51; Francis, Gregory and Michaelis 1999). Moreover, within written corpora, some genres contain more pronominal subjects than others. Ellegård (1978: 62), for instance, points out that there are “interesting stylistic differences” in the incidence of pronouns in four genres in the Brown Corpus. Ellegård does not give figures for pronouns as subjects, but it is reasonable to assume that a text with a relatively large number of pronouns will also contain a proportionately large number of these in subject position. From a diachronic perspective, interest in pronominal versus full nominal subjects in English has, for the most part, been restricted to contexts of major changes in constituent order, such as the spread of SVO and do-periphrasis (cf. Denison 1992: 54, 462). A topic to which less attention has been devoted is variation between individual constructions and construction types with respect to types of subject. However, we know that the incidence of...

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