A Tribute to Brian Harris
Edited By María Jesús Blasco Mayor and María Amparo Jimenez Ivars
V Interpreting Taxonomies
VInterpreting Taxonomies Franz Pöchhacker, University of Vienna NT and CI in IS: taxonomies and tensions in interpreting studies Introduction One of the most significant developments in the evolution of inter- preting studies over the past two decades has been the way its con- ceptual foundations have come to be extended far beyond the classic focus on conference interpreting that had characterized the field un- til the 1980s. Rather than a well-organized international profession, founded on a clear-cut mode-based distinction between consecutive and simultaneous interpreting, there is now a broad array of inter- preting activities, with many different types and forms of practice. Scholars who see interpreting as their object of study can thus claim an extensive and highly diverse territory and, at the same time, have to make sure that all of it is duly explored and cultivated. Gaining an overview of the field is an important prerequisite, whether the emphasis is on practices or theoretical models – or on concepts and categories, as in this paper. In surveying the terminological landscape of interpreting stud- ies I am going where some, albeit not many, have gone before. And the one who ventured into this field most boldly at a very early time is Brian Harris, to whose groundbreaking work I wish to pay tribute. I will do so first of all by offering a fairly detailed presentation of his terminological and taxonomic efforts, and then by engaging with the key concepts of “community interpreting” and “natural trans- lation”, discussing their...
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