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Insights into Specialized Translation


Edited By Maurizio Gotti and Susan Sarcevic

This volume focuses on specialist translation – one of the areas of translation in greatest demand in our age of globalization. The 16 chapters deal not only with the classical domains of science and technology, law, socio-politics and medicine but also with lesser researched areas such as archeology, geography, nutrigenomics and others. As a whole, the book achieves a blend of theory and practice. It addresses a variety of issues such as translation strategy based on text type and purpose, intercultural transfer and quality assessment, as well as textual and terminological issues in bilingual and multilingual settings, including international organizations and the European Union. Today translation competence presupposes multidisciplinary skills. Whereas some chapters analyze the linguistic features of special-purpose texts and their function in specialized communication, others show how specialized translation has changed as a result of globalization and how advances in technology have altered terminology research and translation processing.


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Theoretical and Methodological Issues


CHRISTOPHER TAYLOR Which Strategy for Which Text? Translation Strategies for Languages for Special Purposes 1. Introduction The task of writing a broad and relatively brief account of translation methodologies for languages for special (or specific, or sectorial) purposes, requires that due attention be first paid to the substantial body of literature that has now been established in the field of LSP, and particularly to the most recent contributions regarding the role of technology in the translation process. While individual contributions may, over the years, have covered a wide range of ‘specific’ text types, the literature has tended to concentrate particularly on a rather limited number of areas which have come to be associated with the concept of languages for special purposes, as indicated also by the selection of papers found in this volume. The fields of science and technology, medicine, law and economics loom large in any list of titles relating to LSP (see Hirschman / Sager 1982; Malmkjaer 1995; de Beaugrande 1997 for more general considerations; Halliday et al. 1965; Ammon 1977; Busch-Lauer 1991 for a more pragmatic and sociolinguistic approach; Albrecht / Baum 1992; Wendt 1997 from the German school; Gotti 1991, 1996; Cortese 1996; Bondi, 1999, Pavesi / Baldry 2000 for Italy; Haas 1996, 1997; Luckhardt 1998; Buckland 1999 for terminological and information science contributions). These are the fields that also form the focus of interest in specialised journals, such as Elsevier’s The Journal of English for Academic Purposes, the Nordic Journal of LSP and Terminology, the...

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