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Clausal Complements in Native and Learner Spoken English

A Corpus-based Study with Lindsei and Vicolse

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Beatriz Tizon-Couto

This study deals with the frequency and use of clausal complementation in the oral production of two different Spanish learner groups (i.e. Galician/Spanish learners and Spanish learners) as compared with a further learner group (i.e. German learners) and with native speakers (British students). By using corpus and learner linguistic approaches, this research aims to find out and explain the similarities and differences regarding the use of clausal complementation structures in the oral English of several groups of non-native and native speakers. In addition, this study also depicts the process of collection of the oral corpus VICOLSE, which contains transcripts of spoken English data produced by bilingual Galician/Spanish learners. The identification of variation in the use of clausal complementation across the data sheds light on the particular characteristics of spoken learner language syntax/structuring.

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Index 345

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Index Acquisition, 21, 24, 30, 32, 34, 36, 49, 58, 200, 310 L2 -, 13-14, 17, 19, 21-22, 23-24, 27, 29, 33-34, 38-39, 49, 50, 52, 162, 191-192 child/first language -, 14, 89, 192, 196 Adjective-governed, 93, 101, 130-136, 255-83, 319-20 Annotation, 39, 49, 193, 197(fn), 198, 201, 203, 241, 311 Appositive/apposition, 137-138, 139- 40, 285, 291, 304, 323 Aspectual, 94, 108, 112, 123, 125, 127- 8, 202, 210, 220, 223-226, 232, 240, 315-316 CA (Contrastive Analysis), 13, 15, 16, 18-23, 27, 29, 33-37, 40-2, 44, 49, 51, 54, 309-310 CIA (Contrastive Interlanguage Analysis), 14, 33, 36, 39-42, 44, 50-1, 54-55, 165, 193, 199, 309-310, 321, 325 CLC (Computer Learner Corpora), 14, 33, 38-39, 40, 50, 53-54, 189, 196, 199 Cognitive, 14, 33 - psychology, 22, 54, 79, 113 - grammar, 39, 57-8, 60-5, 146-147, 310 - states, 124, 128, 143 Competence, 16, 23-25, 27, 29, 31, 35, 46, 60, 164 Complementation, 57-59, 63-69, 75, 82- 85, 87, 89, 91-6, 98-101, 194, 253, 283, 291 clausal -, 44, 46, 52, 57-58, 62, 64, 68, 70, 73, 101-104, 113-114, 146- 147, 158, 165-166, 169, 174-175, 181, 183-184, 187-189, 193-196, 200, 203-205, 253, 283, 307, 309- 312, 317-318, 324-325 verb-governed -, 101-129, 206, 210, 220, 251, 204-255, 317 adjective-governed -, 130, 132, 134, 255-256, 258, 266, 69, 270, 279, 282-283, 319-320 noun-governed -, 137, 284, 286, 288-289, 290, 293, 301, 307-308, 322-324 oblique -, 282-283 Complementizers/s, 57, 63, 65, 76-84, 87, 89, 91, 93, 97-8, 101, 114, 118- 9, 123-124, 175,...

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