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New Trends and Methodologies in Applied English Language Research II

Studies in Language Variation, Meaning and Learning

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Edited By David Tizón Couto, Beatriz Tizon-Couto, Iria Pastor-Gomez and Maurizio Gotti

This volume has its origin in a selection of the papers presented at the Second ELC International Postgraduate Conference on English Linguistics (ELC2), held at the University of Vigo in October 2009 and designed and organised by postgraduate students belonging to the English Departments of the Universities of Vigo and Santiago de Compostela. The purpose of the conference was to allow young professional researchers to share and survey their current views on linguistic research. Four of the ten chapters included address the diachronic change undergone by particular lexical items, namely the morphosemantic change illustrated by the development of the morpheme punk, the historical evolution of including and included, the origin and semantics of the expletive form adsheartlikins, and the structure and distribution of nominalisations referring to actions or processes. Variation is also approached from a diatopic perspective in the study of expressions of obligation and necessity ( must and have to) in New Englishes, the distribution and functions of the discourse marker eh in Channel Island English, and regional variability of vowel phonology in Scottish Standard English. Lastly, three studies address semantics and culture in the field of L2 learning. These contributions focus on the assessment of Lexical Frequency Profile applications in the analysis of Romanian learner English, the role of cultural knowledge in the learning process of English as an International Language, and L1 typicality effects in L2 vocabulary learning.

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ÁNGELES TOMÉ-ROSALES - ‘[A]dsheartlikins, there’s more persuasive rhetoric in’t’: A Corpus-based Approach to the Expletive Form Adsheartlikins 205

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ÁNGELES TOMÉ-ROSALES ‘[A]dsheartlikins, there’s more persuasive rhetoric in’t’: A Corpus-based Approach to the Expletive Form Adsheartlikins 1. Introduction Porto-Prado/Souto-García (2007: 59) contend that the term adshear- tlikins was coined by Aphra Behn and it was not used by other au- thors. Contrary to what these scholars point out, in my opinion it can be asserted that adsheartlikins was not coined by Behn, and that it was used at least by other playwrights. Therefore, I would like to prove that this term results from the lexicalisation of a noun phrase, and that it was a common expletive form in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries in England. In order to achieve my goal, I will provide a significant number of examples of this expletive form in seventeenth- and eighteenth-century plays which were written not only by Behn but also by other English playwrights. If it is possible to find the expletive form adsheartlikins in plays which were written by other playwrights, it will be obvious that Behn was not the only dramatist who made use of it. Apart from proving that adsheartlikins was also used by other playwrights, I will assemble different instances of this term in order to analyse the development it seems to have undergone throughout the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries in England. First, I created a corpus formed by those seventeenth- and eighteenth-century plays which contain the expletive forms adshear- tlikins and/or odsbodikins.1 This corpus is formed by the following 1 Originally, the corpus was formed...

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