Expropriations and confiscations, 16 th –20 th Centuries- Expropriations et confiscations, XVI e –XX e siècles
Edited By Luigi Lorenzetti, Michela Barbot and Luca Mocarelli
The papers collected in the present volume suggest that private property is not necessarily the most safeguarded legal model, hence it is not less vulnerable to violation. They construct a close analysis of the most common forms of abuse of private property on record – expropriation, seizure, and confiscation – perpetrated by public authorities. They also seek to define the uneasy, often intricate relation between legal and legitimate. In a perspective of lights and shadows, the role of confiscation and expropriation changes : now seen as powerful instruments of change, now as enduring factors of conservation in the evolution of private ownership rights.
Les droits de propriété sont depuis longtemps au cœur de l’intérêt de diverses disciplines. L’attention des historiens s’est focalisée surtout sur la naissance de la propriété privée et individuelle telle qu’elle a été codifiée dans l’Europe libérale du XIX
The Italy-Libya Agreement of 2 October 1956. The Bank of Italy’s Assets in Libya after World War II - Donatella Strangio 295
The Italy-Libya Agreement of 2 October 1956. The Bank of Italy’s Assets in Libya after World War II Donatella Strangio Introduction Familiarity with the economic interests shared between the Bank of Italy and Libya can provide a good platform for a deeper understanding of the relations between these two states and two peoples in the current global context. This research was conducted mainly through documentary sources that were col- lected by the Bank of Italy and which are kept in its historical Archive. The Bank of Italy was called upon to operate in Libya by the Italian government during Italy’s colonial period before World War II. International organizations requested that the Bank work in Libya after the war due to the specific skills and experience it had acquired in the area. The British occupation of Libya in 1943 led inevitably to a series of social, political and economic consequences, including, among others, the Anglo-Italian agreement of 1951, which called for the seizure and custody by the British authorities of different Italian companies that operated in that country. The branches of the Bank of Italy in Libya were closed when the introduction of British military authority pound destabilised the fiscal situation and effectively put them out of business. The Bank’s Libyan branches reopened in 1951, when the United Nations, in accordance with Resolution no. 388, declared Libya an independent and democratic State1. This 1 Archivio Storico della Banca d’Italia (hereinafter : ASBI), Banca d’Italia, Studi, pratt., n. 530, fasc. 1, fasc. 2,...
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