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Corpus Analysis for Descriptive and Pedagogical Purposes

ESP Perspectives

Series:

Maurizio Gotti and Davide S. Giannoni

There is hardly any aspect of verbal communication that has not been investigated using the analytical tools developed by corpus linguists. This is especially true in the case of English, which commands a vast international research community, and corpora are becoming increasingly specialised, as they account for areas of language use shaped by specific sociolectal (register, genre, variety) and speaker (gender, profession, status) variables.
Corpus analysis is driven by a common interest in ‘linguistic evidence’, viewed as a source of insights into language phenomena or of lexical, semantic and contrastive data for subsequent applications. Among the latter, pedagogical settings are highly prominent, as corpora can be used to monitor classroom output, raise learner awareness and inform teaching materials.
The eighteen chapters in this volume focus on contexts where English is employed by specialists in the professions or academia and debate some of the challenges arising from the complex relationship between linguistic theory, data-mining tools and statistical methods.

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Contents 5

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Contents MAURIZIO GOTTI / DAVIDE S. GIANNONI Introduction ........................................................................................ 9 Methodological Issues LYNNE FLOWERDEW Which Unit for Linguistic Analysis of ESP Corpora of Written Text? ................................................................................ 25 MARINA BONDI Integrating Corpus and Genre Approaches: Phraseology and Voice across EAP Genres ..................................... 43 WINNIE CHENG Using Concgrams to Investigate Research Article Sections ............. 63 HILARY NESI Corpus Query Techniques for Investigating Citation in Student Assignments .................................................................... 85 CARMEN PÉREZ-LLANTADA Researching Genres with Multilingual Corpora: A Conceptual Enquiry .................................................................... 107 Corpus-Based Descriptions SHELLEY STAPLES / DOUGLAS BIBER The Expression of Stance in Nurse-Patient Interactions: An ESP Perspective ........................................................................ 123 ALAN PARTINGTON The Marking of Importance in ‘Enlightentainment’ Talks ............. 143 GIULIANA GARZONE Investigating Blawgs through Corpus Linguistics: Issues of Generic Integrity ............................................................................. 167 BEGOÑA CRESPO Women’s Authorial Voice: Discursive Practices in Scientific Prefaces ........................................................................................... 189 ISABEL MOSKOWICH / LEIDA MARIA MONACO Abstraction as a Means of Expressing Reality: Women Writing Science in Late Modern English ..................................................... 203 ROBERTA FACCHINETTI Newsroom Jargon at the Crossroads of Corpus Linguistics and Lexicography ........................................................................... 225 RITA SALVI Exploring Political and Banking Language for Institutional Purposes .......................................................................................... 241 JANE H. JOHNSON Family in the UK – Risks, Threats and Dangers: A Modern Diachronic Corpus-assisted Study across Two Genres .................. 263 Pedagogical Applications AVERIL COXHEAD Corpus Linguistics and Vocabulary Teaching: Perspectives from English for Specific Purposes ................................................ 289 CASSI L. LIARDÉT A ‘Speedful Development’: Academic Literacy in Chinese Learners of English as a Foreign Language .................................... 303 JOSEF SCHMIED Variation in Academic Writing: Complexity, Pronouns, Modals and Linking in South African MA Theses ...................................... 325 TURO HILTUNEN / MARTTI MÄKINEN Formulaic Language...

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