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The Essential Enthymeme

Propositions for Educating Students in a Modern World

Edited By Jorge Juan Vega y Vega

The enthymeme in education is essential because it reflects what humans do when they think. It informs not only how we make inferences about the world to discover new knowledge, but also how we express those discoveries to influence the minds of others. Thus, the enthymeme provides an effective pedagogical approach to the analysis and synthesis of ideas in the classroom. In this volume, such an approach is applied to composition instruction, second-language learning, advertising, specialized medical texts, and detective fiction to help prepare students for the challenges of modern life. (Michael D. Hood)


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Chapter 7. The Integrated Method: Cognitive and Expressive Skills in the Second-Language Classroom (Jorge Juan Vega y Vega)


Jorge Juan Vega y Vega Chapter 7. The Integrated Method: Cognitive and Expressive Skills in the Second-Language Classroom All men by nature desire to know. An indication of this is the delight we take in our senses; for even apart from their usefulness they are loved for themselves; and above all others the sense of sight. For not only with a view to action, but even when we are not going to do anything, we prefer seeing (one might say) to everything else. The reason is that this, most of all the senses, makes us know and brings to light many differences between things. (Aristotle, Metaphysics) A. The Integrated Method: Seeing, Comprehending and Speaking Generally speaking, the main elements in communication are the speaker, the recipient, and the message. Given that the first two are of a subjective nature while the latter of an objective nature, the analysis of visual docu- ments follows a simpler journey. As such, it goes from the speaker (stu- dent) to the recipient (teacher, peers, audience, etc.), through inevitably the image, which constitutes the supporting visual document.1 Now, as speak- er and recipient are connected through the document, its analysis must 1 This model (two people and one message, immersed in a situation that even the discourse helps to create and define) is the model par excellence in rhetoric: “For of the three elements in speech-making – speaker, subject, and person addressed – it is the last one, the hearer, that determines the speech’s end and...

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