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Electronic Communication

Political, Social and Educational uses

Edited By Sami Zlitni and Fabien Liénard

Whether they are citizens or political, client or company, learner or teacher, men now converse with a variety of stakeholders by using ICT. All these electronic tools promote uses and practices which give them considerable power of speech, strong freedom of expression and choice. So each of us participates actively, wherever we are and whenever we want, in the construction of «new intermediate spaces» making permeable classical border from public to private space.
All this justifies this collective work that proposes to examine electronic communication from various angles. Thus, twenty-three researchers were involved in the drafting of the nine chapters of this volume we introduce, in collaboration with Marina Haan. The transcription of an Yves Winkin conference contextualizes it. This conference took place in June 2014 and was held on the occasion of an international conference on Electronic Communication, Cultures and Identities. The chapters proposed here are not answers but insights from experience and research worldwide. The chapters are grouped into two main parts: ICT and political communication and Education, identity and electronic communication. Two parts which ultimately correspond to areas that use electronic communication with various initial communication objectives.
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Making Sense of Gezi Park Protests: Gezi Park Protests as a Defence of Lifestyles

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Introduction

The Gezi Park protests turned into a country-wide mass protest against the current Justice and Development Party, JDP, (Adalet ve Kalkınma Partisi, AKP) government, It initially started out as a relatively small protest to prevent the destruction of a park in Istanbul’s Taksim Square. The protest quickly mushroomed into a general revolt against the rule of Erdoğan and his ruling JDP. The protests revealed a number of grievances by a wide variety of groups and individuals from different segments of society. One of the outstanding concerns of the protestors was Prime Minister Erdoğan’s interference in people’s different lifestyles.

In its second term in office, JDP government imposed restrictions on alcohol consumption, especially in public spaces. The Prime Minister Erdoğan in his public speeches frequently insulted alcohol drinkers. Similarly, Erdoğan attended marriage ceremonies; delivering anti-abortion speeches in defence of the proposed new law to restrict abortion rights and making couples promise to have at least three children. The Prime Minister, moreover, began to advocate a more Islamic lifestyle, as the acceptable lifestyle, this created a fear of an Islamisation of society among secular sections of society. A significant number of slogans throughout the Gezi Park protests reflected reactions against the Prime Minister’s blatant interference in lifestyles that differed from the conservative Islamic lifestyle which Erdoğan was promoting. In this paper, I will first, attempt to give a brief historical context of Turkish politics and the emergence and the...

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