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Trends in Phonetics and Phonology

Studies from German-speaking Europe

Edited By Adrian Leemann, Marie-José Kolly, Stephan Schmid and Volker Dellwo

This volume was inspired by the 9th edition of the Phonetik & Phonologie conference, held in Zurich in October 2013. It includes state of the art research on phonetics and phonology in various languages and from interdisciplinary contributors. The volume is structured into the following eight sections: segmentals, suprasegmentals, articulation in spoken and sign language, perception, phonology, crowdsourcing phonetic data, second language speech, and arts (with inevitable overlap between these areas).
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The influence of consonantal context on the tense-lax contrast in two standard varieties of German

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Abstract

This study investigates differences in the implementation of the tense-lax vowel contrast in three consonantal contexts in Standard Austrian German (SAG) and Standard German (SG). Previous research suggested a partial neutralization of tense and lax high vowels due to the approximation on vowel quality and / or quantity. However, it remains unclear which of these two influences exerts the greatest influence on this neutralization. Physiological articulatory data with synchronized audio were analyzed containing all common tense and lax vowel pairs in symmetrical /p, t, k/ contexts from seven SG and eight SAG speakers. For the analysis of duration, an additional audio corpus was recorded from twelve SAG speakers from Vienna. We compressed the multi-channel tongue data using principal component analysis at the temporal midpoint of the vowel to a two-dimensional space whose axes could be related to phonetic height and backness. For the duration measures, we analyzed the interval between vowel on- and offset. The results showed a greater vertical approximation of tense and lax vowels, but no greater neutralization of quantity for Standard Austrian German than for Standard German.

Keywords

Tensity contrast, vowel quality, quantity, neutralization, Standard Austrian German, Standard German

*   Corresponding author: cunha@phonetik.uni-muenchen.de, Tel: +49 (0) 89 2180 2807, Fax: +49 (0) 89 2180 5790

a   Institute of Phonetics and Speech Processing, Schellingstr. 3, 80799 München, Germany

b   Acoustics Research Institute, Wohllebengasse 12–14, 1040 Vienna, Austria ← 65 | 66 →

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