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Trends in Phonetics and Phonology

Studies from German-speaking Europe

Adrian Leemann, Marie-José Kolly, Stephan Schmid and Volker Dellwo

This volume was inspired by the 9th edition of the Phonetik & Phonologie conference, held in Zurich in October 2013. It includes state of the art research on phonetics and phonology in various languages and from interdisciplinary contributors. The volume is structured into the following eight sections: segmentals, suprasegmentals, articulation in spoken and sign language, perception, phonology, crowdsourcing phonetic data, second language speech, and arts (with inevitable overlap between these areas).
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Segmental effects on prosody: Modeling German argument structure



Research on prosody-segment interactions usually focuses on the effects of prosody on segment realization. In our study, we follow a different path by examining whether segmental cues affect the placement of prosodic boundaries. Though recent studies have shown that multiple factors contribute to the prosodic outcome of an utterance (e.g. Breen et al., 2011), the role of segmental information on boundary realization has not yet been addressed. The present corpus study thus examines whether segment clashes at word boundaries increase the probability of prosodic breaks and whether this proposed process contributes to a cognitive processing model predicting argument structure. In our first analysis, we examine whether consonant clashes affect speech production by analyzing the segmental environment of potential boundary positions in a radio news corpus. In our second analysis, we use these production results as a background for predicting the comprehension of argument structure. Our results show that segment clashes affect both of these modalities: The presence of consonant clashes significantly increases the number of prosodic boundaries in speech production. In comprehension modeling, segment clashes reduce the perceptual uncertainty when classifying two-argument structures, but increase it for one-argument structures.


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