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Catalonia and Portugal

The Iberian Peninsula from the periphery

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Edited By Flocel Sabaté and Luís Adão Da Fonseca

Between 2010 and 2013 the European Science Foundation project «Cuius Regio» undertook a study of the reasons for cohesion of some European regions, including the analysis of the ways for cohesion of two peripherical Iberian entities: Portugal and Catalonia. A scientific meeting held in Lleida in 2012 facilitated the collection of contributions from outstanding researchers in order to analyse how specific identities in the periphery of the Iberian Peninsula were created in the Middle Ages and how they evolved until the 19 th century. History, Literature and Language are being discussed in this book in order to understand the reasons for creating specific territorial identities and also to compare their different evolutions, that have resulted in different political realities in our current times.
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The myth of the origins and royal power in the late medieval Crown of Aragon

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1

Stefano Maria CINGOLANI

Independent Scholar

On the 12th of March 1376, while preparing his discourse for the Courts in Monzón in a letter to the abbot of San Victorián de Sobrarbe, King Peter the Ceremonious wrote, bien nos miembra que vos nos dixestes que·l rey d’Aragó qui fue heredado del regno por su madrastra no era bort, antes era legítimo, e su madre era estada reyna, e esto sabredes vos por privilegios e otras escripturas que son en el vostro monasterio, and asked him to send them to Monzón por que nos podamos clarament mostrar que la dita madre del dito rey era estada reyna et muller del rey padre del dito rey d’Aragón2. The whole text for the inauguration of the Cortes has not survived so we cannot know what he did with the information for the making of his elegantem proposicionem per verba pulcherrima compositioneque ornatus perspicui decora in lingua seu idiomate cathalano, nor how he solved this lack, as we only know that per ordinem recitavit et declaravit nomina et gesta illustrium omnium regum Aragonum et comitum Barchinone usque ad ipsum et presens tempus successive fuerunt3.

Years earlier, when writing his Crónica General, better known as the Crónica de San Juan de la Peña, the fact that the first king of Aragon, Ramiro, was illegitimate had not apparently been a problem. He was said to have been the son...

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