Challenges and Hopes
Edited By Viktor Stepanenko and Yaroslav Pylynskyi
Before and After the Euromaidan: Ukraine Between the European Choice and the Russian Factor
The three-month-long mass civil protests in Ukraine resulted not only in regime change but also in a fundamental shift in the popular attitudes toward the country’s largest geopolitical neighbors: Russia and the European Union. The proxy war in the eastern regions of Ukraine, sponsored by Russia, and the weak European response could make Ukrainians reject the idea of full integration into the EU but stick to European and Euro- Atlantic standards in building new political and security institutions.
The issue of foreign policy orientation was usually low on the list of political priorities of the Ukrainian people compared with the urgent political, economic and social welfare issues. However, it served as an indicator of which political, economic and social practices and standards, European or Russian, a given political force or leader would implement if elected. In the 2012 parliamentary elections pro-European and pro-Western oppositional parties received 49.94% of the vote, and gained unprecedented support in several important Eastern and Southern industrial regions (see Table 1.). For instance, in the Dnipropetrovsk and Kherson regions they achieved 40% of the vote. ← 73 | 74 →
Table 1: Voting for pro-Russian and pro-European political parties and blocs 1998–2012 in the Eastern and Southern regions of Ukraine.
Notes: Pro-Russian parties: 1998 – Communists and Progressive Socialists (and “Union” Party in Crimea), 2002 – Communists and Progressive Socialists (and Russian Bloc in Crimea and Luhansk), 2007 – Communists and Party of Region (and Progressive Socialists in Crimea, Donetsk and...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
This site requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals.
Do you have any questions? Contact us.Or login to access all content.