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Ukraine after the Euromaidan

Challenges and Hopes

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Edited By Viktor Stepanenko and Yaroslav Pylynskyi

Ukraine’s protest movement of 2013–14, known as the Euromaidan, and its culmination, the people’s uprising in late 2013–early 2014 became one of the most dramatic world events in recent years. The accession of Crimea to the Russian Federation and military conflict in the Donbas demonstrate that the dramatic dynamics of the country’s ongoing transformation are still far from predictable. This book examines the manifold aspects of Ukraine’s current crisis and its political upheaval. The contributors to the book, Ukrainian experts in a variety of disciplinary fields, explore social, political and cultural reasons and factors behind the country’s transformation in its national and regional dimensions, the impact of Ukraine’s revolution on European and global politics, and also the new challenges of tough reforms with which the country is faced. The contributors share the view that the Euromaidan brought new opportunities for Ukraine’s modern development and the greatest historical chance for the country’s European future since independence in 1991.
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Is Neutrality a Solution for Ukraine’s Security?

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In this paper I discuss the international aspects of Ukraine’s security, which has been severely compromised during the current political crisis in Ukraine. With Crimea’s accession to the Russian Federation and the Russian invasion of the Donbas, the European and international system of security was broken. In particular, Russia has violated the 1994 Budapest Memorandum, which protects Ukraine’s territorial integrity and security and which was also signed by Russia along with the USA and Great Britain. It is worth noting that the Memorandum was the international response to Ukraine’s decision to abandon the world’s third largest nuclear weapons arsenal after the dissolution of the USSR. And now the question arises whether Ukraine’s current status as a non-aligned country is an effective solution for its security?

Each country determines its own security arrangements, on the local, regional and supra-regional levels. Such arrangements are determined by a number of factors, such as relations with neighbors, existing challenges and ongoing regional conflicts and more general global developments. Ukraine has found itself in a complex geopolitical situation for many years. Yet, in the early twenty-first century it has faced even greater challenges in the volatility of the modern system of international relations.

From the regional perspective, Ukraine’s overall policy and security strategy build upon its internal capabilities, which are inevitably affected by the presence of armed conflicts in its neighbouring countries (e.g. Moldova, Georgia, Russia), as well as poor economic and political stability in the wider region. More...

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