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Culture and Cognition

A collection of critical essays

Shamsul Haque and Elizabeth Sheppard

The past few decades have seen a huge increase in global interest in psychology, with more psychologists, psychology programmes and students than ever before. Culture and Cognition: A collection of critical essays is made up of chapters written by experts in each topic, and is aimed at those wishing to learn more about psychology. While culture and cognition have frequently been regarded as separate areas of study in psychology, this book brings together essays on both of these topics as well as several that consider the direct interplay between culture and thinking.
Essays focus on a range of fascinating topics, such as how culture affects memory for events in our own lives or our perceptions of human attractiveness. Essays also address a diverse range of psychological phenomena like déjà-vu, savant abilities, non-suicidal self-injury, theory of mind, problem gambling and sleep disorders. Socio-cultural and professional issues specifically within the Asian context are also discussed.
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Understanding neurodevelopmental disorders in context: Autism Spectrum Disorder and the Family System


Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a lifelong neurodevelopmental disorder that affects not only the child, but the family system as well (e.g., Hayes & Watson, 2013; Morgan, 1988). Approximately 67 million families in the world are affected by ASD (Kopetz & Endowed, 2012). Reported increases in the number of people with ASD (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2012) have prompted greater interest in examining the complexities of ASD and how diverse families of children with ASD are affected by the condition. Thus, this review will first present a snapshot about what are neurodevelopmental disorders as well as provide a background on what is ASD. Then, Family System Theory will be introduced as a way to better understand the family functioning of families of children with ASD in a family context. The impact of ASD on the various sub-systems (or parts) of a family will be described in more detail, including the the parental subsystem, the marital subsystem, the sibling subsystem and the extended family subsystem. Furthermore, the review will discuss the impact of the cultural context on families of children with neurodevelopmental disorders like ASD. Finally, the limitations of this research area and clinical implications will be examined. ← 83 | 84 →

Neurodevelopmental disorders

Studying about Neurodevelopmental Disorders (NDDs) is a valuable process because knowledge about them can be an important key to understand typical child development (Filippi & Karmiloff-Smith, 2012). Human brain development involves a complex process that begins during early pregnancy (three weeks...

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