Edited By Flocel Sabaté
Identities in Exile from the War of the Spanish Succession (1713–1747): Some Notes
Universitat de Barcelona
The War of the Spanish Succession was, at the same time, a continent-wide and global conflict, and the first civil war in the Iberian Peninsula. It should come as no surprise that its end saw the first large-scale Hispanic political exile. A wide chronology of this phenomenon has been presented on other occasions together with the corresponding figures.1 According to my calculations, between 25,000 and 30,000 people were forced into exile. Approximately half were Catalans, and the rest from other Hispanic kingdoms (Valencians and Aragonese, but also Basques, Navarrese and “Castilians” in a wide sense) who had taken refuge in Catalonia during the later years of the war. A large number of these exiles ended up in the lands of the Hispanic Monarchy incorporated into the domains of Charles III (the emperor Charles VI) under the Treaty of Utrecht. Naples and Milan were the main host countries, although there were also considerable numbers exiled in Sardinia, Sicily and Flanders. After 1735, a group of Hispanic exiles founded a new colony that they called Nova Barcelona in the Banat of Temesvar.2
However, the place where the clearest remains of that diaspora have survived is Vienna. Bear in mind that there had been a continuous Hispanic presence in Italy since the 15th century, so the social circles frequented by the exiles had been forged centuries before. On the other extreme, it should be remembered that the Catalan presence in...
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