Edited By Anna-Katharina Hornidge, Anastasiya Shtaltovna and Conrad Schetter
Agricultural Organization and the Role of Contractual Structures in Knowledge Flows in Post-Soviet Uzbekistan
This chapter will draw on the argument that “history matters” as suggested by Van Assche et al. (2013) and Van Assche et al. (Chapter 2 in this book). It will develop a concept of knowledge flow in agriculture using an evolution conceptual toolkit (cf. Wilson and Gowdy, 2013) to study what function an inherited feature or characteristic of an individual or organization plays. Here it refers to a farm’s capacity to absorb, store, develop, utilize and share knowledge. For this I took the evolutionary history perspective of an Uzbek farm organization to understand how the farm organizational characteristics shape the knowledge flow. To do this, I present the role that the interdependency between commercial farms and rural households plays in the organization of agricultural production. More specifically, I look at its functions in the knowledge flow in commercial farms, rural households (semi-subsistence smallholders) and the state. One can consider a farm as an adaptive self-organization where its parts such, as individuals – a farm director and subordinate workers – interact to enable the farm to function as a collective production unit. Each individual, as a member of the farm, can pursue his own interests leading to unintended outcomes for the farm such as degradation of land quality, failure to manage production targets, breaking of machinery, and economic losses.
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