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The Death and Resurrection of Jesus Christ Implied in the Image of the Paschal Lamb in 1 Cor 5:7

An Intertextual, Exegetical and Theological Study


Jacob Paxy Alumkal

St. Paul uses the image of Paschal Lamb only once. What is the real meaning of this symbol in his theology? It symbolises the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ but with a different emphasis. What does he emphasize?
The aim of this study is to show the exegetical meaning of 1 Cor 5:7 in order to have an overt theological emphasis of the imagery used in this particular context. The linguistic analysis from a historical critical method is used here to arrive at its theological significance. The study propounds the meaning, reality and the significance of the Hebrew original Paschal celebration and its commemoration from Semetical, Hellenistical and Greco-Roman culture and as understood in the OT Scriptures of various periods. The result is quite different from the hitherto theological understanding of the symbol and its significance. Paul is the first NT theologian to use this symbol and others have followed him with varying degrees of understanding of this symbol. A comparative study on this is made in this book. It shows to what extent it is relevant for Christians in postmodern Europe and India.
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Chapter 2. Pauline Background of the Image of the Paschal Lamb and the Lamb motive in the OT


Chapter 2 Pauline Background of the Image of the Paschal Lamb and the Lamb motive in the OT


Having analysed the concept of the death and the resurrection of Jesus Christ in general in the Pauline Letters we now explore the undeniable OT influence on Pauline image of the Paschal Lamb for the crucified, dead and resurrected Jesus Christ. The new perspectives on St. Paul throw light on the undeniable Jewish influence on Paul and his theology. The use of the term Paschal lamb with the same Jewish exegetical and historical interpretation serves as the background of Pauline understanding of the sacraments especially of the Holy Eucharist165. Now we can switch on to the exegetical study of the particular Pauline text 1 Cor. 5:7. We propound here the use and meaning of the paschal Lamb in the book of Exodus chapter 12 and 24 and Leviticus 16 and the important allocations in the books of the prophets Isaiah and Jeremiah. Then we proceed to the analysis of the inter-testament concept of the paschal lamb symbolism. The OT study of the concept of the paschal lamb necessarily implies the study of the Ancient Near Eastern religious concepts of the lamb and of the sacrifice which serve as the background to the Ancient Israel’s cult and practices. Also the study of Hellenism and Judaism regarding the lamb symbolism and sacrifice are necessary to understand the Pauline concept of the Paschal Lamb and its sacrifice or killing....

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