In the Southern Caucasus and the Black Sea Region
Edited By Ghia Nodia and Christoph H. Stefes
Foreign Policy Particularities of the De Facto States in the Black Sea Region
ABSTRACT: There are four separatists regions in the Black Sea area, which, at different stages of the conflicts development, have proclaimed independence – Transnistria, Nagorno-Karabakh, South Ossetia and Abkhazia. In this chapter we will analyse the mechanisms and peculiarities of the diplomatic relations of these unrecognized states. We will pay special attention to the instruments they use in negotiation, despite their non-recognized status, and we will examine how they interact with third states and whether recognition by some states adds legitimacy to the foreign policy of ex-Georgian regions. We will study the question of whether other states and international organizations can deal with these unrecognized states by traditional diplomatic means and standards or whether they need a new diplomatic approach.
KEYWORDS: unrecognized states, Transnistria, Abkhazia, South Ossetia, Nagorno-Karabakh, foreign policy analysis.
There are many examples in history when different separatist movements or ethnic groups proclaimed their independence. Most of these cases led either to war or to the full sovereignty of a new state. There are just a few examples when such proclamations resulted in a situation when there was no actual war but de facto states were created, which are not recognized but operate their own internal policy and foreign policy, while their final status still being under negotiation.
There are four separatist regions in the Black Sea area, which, at different stages of their conflicts development, have proclaimed independence – Transnistria, Nagorno-Karabakh, South Ossetia and Abkhazia. The Russian Federation only recognized the...
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