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Identities on the Move

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Edited By Flocel Sabaté

This book contains selected papers from the meetings «To think the Identity» and «Identities on the move» held in the Institute for Research into Identities and Society (University of Lleida) during 2010. The aim is to understand the reasons that allow social cohesion throughout the creation of identities and its adaptation. Identity is individual and collective, momentary and secular, apparently contradictory terms that can only coexist and fructify if they entail a constant adaptation. Thus, in a changing world, the identities are always on the move and the continuity of society requires a permanent move. Values, Culture, Language and History show the societies in permanent evolution, and demand an interdisciplinary perspective for studying. Attending this scope, outstanding historians, sociologists, linguistics and scientists offer here a diachronic and interdisciplinary approach to this phenomenon: how men and women have been combining the identity and the move in order to feel save into a social life from Middle Ages to current days, and how different items, in our present society, built the framework of identities.
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Spain/ France: Reciprocal Images during the Restoration Period (1875–1931): Paul Aubert

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Paul AUBERT

Aix-Marseille Université

Beyond the memory of Spain’s diplomatic and material dependence on its geographical neighbor, which provides a basis for severe inequalities, and the interest in studying the consolidation and use of stereotypical representations that are confirmed again during times of crisis, we have tried to understand and explain the causes and consequences of a French-Spanish misunderstanding that persists in different forms during the Restoration period, at an official level as well as in intellectual spheres. The heated debate it sparked conceals France’s loss of real influence at the outset of World War I.

Spain and France usually represented as two countries opposite in every way (the first embodied obscurantism, monarchy, clericalism and reaction, in other words the past; the second, from this point of view, symbolized science, industry, democracy, secularism and progress, hence the future) but that react according to the image they have, or that they believe they have, in the neighboring country. The descriptions of the French and Spanish pavilions during the Universal Expositions in Paris (1855, 1867, 1878, 1889 and 1900) are significant in this regard: Spanish visitors saw in France the symbol of an industrial civilization, whilst the French found in the Spanish representation the traditional image of a museum-country.1 ← 147 | 148 → We could also counter pose the image of a catholic France to that of a Spain full of conspirators, and hostage to social agitation. “The country, so quiet and apparently sleeping, lives under the constant...

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