VIII. Discourse analysis and history. Meeting and forgetting - Marie-Anne PAVEAU 127
Chapter VIII Discourse analysis and history. Meeting and forgetting Marie-Anne PAVEAU Like everyone, I have had less occasion to read books on linguistics, much less, if the truth were told, than I have detective novels. P. Vidal-Naquet, Histoire et linguistique, introductory statement The relationship between discourse analysis and history has been one in which each has progressively become more distant from the other: the situation in France between the 1960s and the 1980s, when there was a close connection between them, subsequently gave way to mu- tual indifference, with the exception of a research group claiming to be discourse historians. This state of affairs can be explained by several factors, and the examination of these will serve as a framework for what follows. First of all, there is the question of disciplinary identity, since history as seen by historians is not necessarily the same as that envisaged by linguists1. Then there is the status, place and scientific purpose pos- sessed by each methodology in the associated discipline. Finally, there is the evolution of the two disciplines themselves, each of them hav- ing taken routes which distance it from the other. 1 I am using the term linguistic almost synonymously with discourse analysis, since it is essentially “French” discourse analysis, based on sometimes very for- mal linguistic methods, which has maintained a relationship with history. 128 History for linguists and history for historians I would like to question the nature of the history evoked by the two disciplines, since it is...
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