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Discourse Analysis and Human and Social Sciences

Edited By Simone Bonnafous and Malika Temmar

What is the relationship between discourse analysis and its more recent companion disciplines such as sociology, political science and information and communication sciences, at their point of convergence between the symbolic and the social? How are relationships evolving between discourse analysis and disciplines like the literary studies, psychoanalysis and philosophy, which have been the constant companions of linguistics as these emerged and developed? What is the place and role of discourse analysis in Europe? These are some of the themes dealt with in this book. A team effort on the part of Centre d’Etude des Discours, Images, Texte, Ecrits, Communication (Céditec EA 3119), it aims not to present another view of the history and concepts of discourse analysis, but to encourage thinking and debate on interdisciplinary practices.

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VIII. Discourse analysis and history. Meeting and forgetting - Marie-Anne PAVEAU 127

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Chapter VIII Discourse analysis and history. Meeting and forgetting Marie-Anne PAVEAU Like everyone, I have had less occasion to read books on linguistics, much less, if the truth were told, than I have detective novels. P. Vidal-Naquet, Histoire et linguistique, introductory statement The relationship between discourse analysis and history has been one in which each has progressively become more distant from the other: the situation in France between the 1960s and the 1980s, when there was a close connection between them, subsequently gave way to mu- tual indifference, with the exception of a research group claiming to be discourse historians. This state of affairs can be explained by several factors, and the examination of these will serve as a framework for what follows. First of all, there is the question of disciplinary identity, since history as seen by historians is not necessarily the same as that envisaged by linguists1. Then there is the status, place and scientific purpose pos- sessed by each methodology in the associated discipline. Finally, there is the evolution of the two disciplines themselves, each of them hav- ing taken routes which distance it from the other. 1 I am using the term linguistic almost synonymously with discourse analysis, since it is essentially “French” discourse analysis, based on sometimes very for- mal linguistic methods, which has maintained a relationship with history. 128 History for linguists and history for historians I would like to question the nature of the history evoked by the two disciplines, since it is...

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