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New Europe, New World?

The European Union, Europe and the Challenges of the 21 st Century

Series:

Alfonso Martínez Arranz, Natalie J. Doyle and Pascaline Winand

The EU has long played a central role in promoting economic prosperity and political stability in Europe. With twenty-seven countries, it is a powerful trade negotiator and is seen by many as a growing force for global security and welfare. But does the EU giant have feet of clay? Is it recognized as a legitimate political and social project by its own citizens? How well does it respond to global challenges, such as environmental degradation and terrorism? How successful is it in projecting its image as a promoter of human rights, of conflict prevention, social justice, development cooperation, environmental protection and multilateralism?
This volume contributes to the debate about the changing face of Europe and the way it works, not just internally, but also with the rest of the world. It first explores the merits of fostering inclusive multicultural citizenship and religious pluralism in Europe, the necessity of reinventing the EU from below, and the urgency of addressing EU internal migration problems. It then examines the new role of the EU in world politics and how other countries view it in terms of hard and soft power. Can the EU inspire by its development aid, conflict prevention, social and audiovisual policies? How efficient is it in exporting security to the rest of the world? The final chapters deal with the EU in the Asia Pacific region.

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PART III. THE EU IN THE AStA PACIFIC REGION

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PART III THE EU IN THE ASIA PACIFIC REGION CHAPTER 11 ESDP and the EU's External Governance Implications for the Asia Pacific Region Saponti BAROOWA Introduction European aspirations for security Integration and greater defence autonomy are not merely post-St. Malo (1998) or post-Helsinki (1999) phenomena but can be traced to the years immediately following the end of the Second World War, and notably the Treaty of Dunkirk (1947) and the Treaty of Brussels (1948). But the emergence of the Cold War and its attendant complexities, together with Europe's problematic internal security dynamics, followed by the establishment of the Atlantic Alli- ance, rendered any exclusive and common European security discourse ineffective. This was exemplified by the failure of the European De- fence Community (EDC) in the early 1950s. Despite repeated calls to the Europeans to play a greater role in sharing the security burden within the Alliance, and despite certain specific instances of common European attempts at security cooperation, management of security issues largely remained the preserve of the United States and of a US- led NATO. Four decades later, the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989 sig- nalled the end of the Cold War and a historic new opportunity for the Europeans to take greater responsibility and rally together for the cause of greater European autonomy. But the old division of Europe and the erstwhile Soviet threat gave way to new cleavages and the appearance of threatening historical forces that few would have imagined to have resided in Europe....

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