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Networks of Empire

The US State Department’s Foreign Leader Program in the Netherlands, France, and Britain 1950–70


Giles Scott-Smith

Exchange programmes have been a part of US foreign relations since the nineteenth century, but it was only during and after World War II that they were applied by the US government on a large scale to influence foreign publics in support of strategic objectives.
This book looks at the background, organisation, and goals of the Department of State’s most prestigious activity in this field, the Foreign Leader Program. The Program (still running as the International Visitor Leadership Program) enabled US Embassies to select and invite talented, influential ‘opinion leaders’ to visit the United States, meet their professional counterparts, and gain a broad understanding of American attitudes and opinions from around the country.
By tracking the operation of the Program in three key transatlantic allies of the United States a full picture is given of who was selected and why, and how the target groups changed over time in line with a developing US-European relationship. The book therefore takes a unique in-depth look at the importance of exchanges for the extension of US ‘informal empire’ and the maintenance of the transatlantic alliance during the Cold War.


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APPENDIX I. FLP Grantees from Britain 1950-70 425


425 APPENDIX I FLP Grantees from Britain 1950-701 1950-51 John Lang, Secretary, Iron & Steel Confederation, Scotland Andrew Hahn, Secretary, Chamber of Commerce, Scotland William Ballantine, Director, Scottish Office of Information Alastair Dunnett, Editor, Glasgow Daily Herald W. Vaughan Reynolds, Editor, Birmingham Post Douglas Clark, London Editor, Bristol Evening Post Morgan Thomson, Editor, Forward (Scottish Socialist Weekly) Alec L. Collett, Deputy Foreign Editor, London Evening News Tosco Fyvel, Freelance editor, Foreign Office Harford Thomas, Editor, Westminster Papers Ltd Richard Scott, Correspondent, The Guardian Geoffrey Bridson, BBC Radio Jack Isaacs, Literary critic, BBC Geoffrey Grigson, Literary & art critic, BBC John Coatman, Director of Research, Dept. of Political Science, St. Andrews Arthur Dodd, Head, Dept. of History, University of North Wales Hugh Beales, Professor of Economics, LSE Ben Roberts, Lecturer on American union movement, LSE Dorothea Ramsey, Old Peoples Commission, London Nellie Kenyon, Nationalized Industry and Insurance, Manchester 1 Some dates may be inaccurate due to the difference between fiscal and calendar years. Professions were correct at time of Leader grant. Sources: US Embassy re- ports, RG 59, National Archives; NATO reports, 1952-55, Bureau of Public Affairs, National Archives; GAI card file; Boxes 158, 170, 320, Archive of the Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs, University of Arkansas. Networks of Empire 426 Francis Cammaerts, Director, Central Bureau for Educational Ex- changes, London Alan S. Hicks, Headmaster, Ealing Grammar School Bronwyn Lloyd-Williams. Headmistress, Moreton Hall, Shropshire Mrs. R.W. Crum-Ewing, Organizing Secretary, Conservative Youth Goerge Sylvester, Director of Education, Bristol (Ministry of Educat ion) ISAC/MDAP...

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