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Towards an African Theology

The Igbo Context in Nigeria


Peter Chidi Okuma

Towards an African Theology. The Igbo Con text in Nigeria is a study about the challenge facing contemporary African theology today. It aims at transposing the theoretical doctrines of faith into practical guidelines. The author outlines the history, culture and life setting of the Igbo in Nigeria and develops a theological hermeneutics that would give an answer to African Christians’ present faith and situation. He discusses Igbo theology in praxis and as a discipline and considers what contribution Igbo theology could make to the church, humanity and world order.


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CHAPTER TWO. Theology: Unity in Diversity 63


63 CHAPTER TWO Theology: Unity in Diversity Basically, theology as such is universal or pluralistic, “to call theo- logy ‘pluralistic’ is to say that there are different ways of speaking of God, and therefore of seeking to understand faith. This we have estab- lished via the different efforts in this regard in the last chapter. However, faith, although may be singular, theology is pluralistic, because it recog- nizes that the different circumstances in which people speak about God will naturally lead to different statements.”1 On the other hand, there are basic, generic realities about theology (theologies). Uppermost is the fact of the Resurrection of Christ,2 which is the basis of our faith; of which Paul says without this Resurrection victory, our faith would not have anchorage, thus we would have nothing to proclaim or witness to before people. This follows from that fact that it is in Christ that we live, move and have our being.3 This is the patrimony of the Church. Conse- quently, every theology worth the name rotates around this fulcrum. Be it Feminist, Black, European, Asian, Liberation theologies and so on. Thus these contextual theologies flow from the above ecclesial- universal hermeneutics, although each with its own mannerism. In this sense there is a kind of unity in diversity! Another factor of this universalism hinges on the fact of the audience of theology (theologies). Every theology goes across the border of its context to speak like a text that leaves its author to speak...

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