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Fronteras y reconfiguraciones regionales

RISC 2009


Edited By Claudia Puerta Silva and Juan Carlos Vélez Rendón

Los autores reflexionan sobre reconfiguraciones fronterizas, derivadas de cambios multifactoriales que inciden sobre las sociedades contemporáneas, reconfiguraciones motivadas por el capitalismo globalizado, los cambios en los regímenes políticos, los riesgos ambientales, la segmentación cultural y religiosa, así como por los efectos de los procesos de movilidad humana transfronteriza cada vez más frecuente, que convergen sobre espacios colindantes, dinamizan relaciones bilaterales y multilaterales, y comprometen seriamente los derechos de amplios sectores sociales.
Estas demarcaciones artificiales, operativas y todavía cambiantes, han devenido en murallas/puentes que distancian/aproximan sistemas sociales, culturales, económicos y políticos, incluso, en regiones en donde se han activado iniciativas de integración. Los análisis de las reconfiguraciones fronterizas, por conflictos o por integración, demuestran la necesidad de una reflexión política con profundidad histórica y con énfasis en los aspectos socioculturales para trascender las miradas institucionalistas, ruta que siguen los autores.


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PARTE I INICIATIVAS DE INTEGRACIÓN REGIONAL 19 The Cautious Nordic Approach to Integration Regional, Western and European Norbert GÖTZ Södertörn University, Sweden “The Scandinavians were – Scandinavians” (Moynihan, 1979: 124). This remarkable line can be found in a memoir of the most controversial ambassador the United States has sent to the United Nations prior to the appointment of John Bolton – namely Daniel Patrick Moynihan (who later became Hillary Clinton’s predecessor as a US senator of New York). The observation was based on his experience at the United Nations in 1975, a year that is frequently regarded as a low point in the history of the world organisation due to the resolution equating Zionism with racism adopted at that session. Moynihan saw no need for giving any further explanation in regard to what he meant with his statement on the Scandinavians. Nonetheless, that much is certain: his remark was not intended as a compliment. Moynihan made his observation on the Scandinavians in the 1970s and presupposed that US readers would understand the tautological remark. Obviously, he referred to representatives of Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden – the five Nordic countries.1 Apart from that, there is a multitude of – potential – connotations. In the context of Moynihan’s book the main point is an implicit criticism of Nordic fraternisation with the Third World against US economic and military interests. 1 These are the countries usually subsumed under the term ‘Scandinavia’ in the English language and also in other foreign languages. In...

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