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The External Dimension of the European Union’s Area of Freedom, Security and Justice

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Marise Cremona, Jörg Monar and Sara Poli

During the last decade the rapid growth of justice and home affairs as an internal policy making domain of the European Union has led to the Union emerging as an increasingly important international actor in this field.
This book covers the institutional and legal framework of the external dimension of EU justice and home affairs; issues of policy interaction as well as specific challenges; policy responses and results in the fields of migration policy; judicial cooperation; counter-terrorism; and cooperation with major international partners.
Taking into account the changes introduced by the Treaty of Lisbon as well as the priorities set by the 2010-2014 Stockholm Programme the book provides an in-depth exploration of the political and legal dynamics of a major new dimension of the EU.

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PART ONE. THE INSTITUTIONAL AND LEGAL FRAMEWORK

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PART ONE THE INSTITUTIONAL AND LEGAL FRAMEWORK 25 CHAPTER 1 The Institutional Setting and the Legal Toolkit Sara POLI* 1. Introduction This chapter concerns the institutional aspects of the EU external ac- tivity in the AFSJ and the instruments employed by the various actors active in this field. Its first objective is to identify the specific role played by the EU institutions in the exercise of the EU external powers in this context. The external action of the European Police Office (Euro- pol), Eurojust and the European Agency for the Management of Opera- tional Cooperation at the External Borders (Frontex) will also be scru- tinised. It will be shown how these bodies, that support the EU institutions and facilitate the achievement of the objectives related to the AFSJ, interact with the Council, the Commission and the Parliament and how their accountability is ensured. The second part this chapter singles out the legal instruments1 em- ployed to develop the external acquis of the AFSJ and it has the purpose * University of Rome “Tor Vergata”. This research was supported by a Marie Curie Intra European Fellowship within the 7th European Community Framework Programme and was carried out at the Robert Schuman Centre of the European University Institute. Further support was provided by the Fulbright-Schuman Fellowship and by the Dickinson School of Law of the University of Pennsylvania in State College (PA). The author is grateful for the ideal research conditions provided by the two hosting institutions and for support received by the...

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