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Transoceanic Dialogues

Coolitude in Caribbean and Indian Ocean Literatures


Veronique Bragard

At the point in time when the abolition of slavery was being celebrated, another system of servitude was underway: indentureship. Indenture labor resulted in the transportation of one million Indians – called coolies – into British and French colonies. Unable or unwilling to return, a great majority of them stayed in the countries they had been shipped to and participated in the creation of new, creole cultures.
This book offers a close reading of literary works in French and in English by women writers whose ancestors originally came to the Caribbean or across the Indian Ocean as indentured laborers. Positing a dynamic and open approach, the author adopts the concept of coolitude to examine how their works capture, on the one hand, the Indian element of the creolization process and, on the other hand, the creolization of the Indian diasporic inheritance.
Organized around the paradigm of the crossing – historical, geographical, gender-based, corporeal, identitary – this study offers insightful transoceanic, transregional and transcolonial dialogues between Caribbean and Indian Ocean literatures. Focusing on themes of displacement, entrapment, metamorphosis and marginalization, the author explores the entanglements and tensions that characterize creole pluricultural landscapes while she underscores Caribbean and Mauritian literature’s engagement with alterity.


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Abbreviations of Frequently Cited Works 25


Abbreviations of Frequently Cited Works AF DEVI, Ananda. L'Arbre fouet. Paris: L'Harmattan, 1997. BBP APPANAH-MOURIQUAND, Nathacha. Blue Bay Palace. Paris: Gallimard, 2004. BO DAS, Mahadai. Bones. Leeds: Peepal Tree Press, 1988. BS KEMPADOO, Oonya, Buxton Spiee. London: Phoenix, 1998. BT ESPINET, Ramabai, "Barred Trinidad" in Carmen C. Estevez & L. Paravisini Green Cane and Juicy Flotsam: Short Stories by Caribbean Women. New Brunswick: Rutgers UP, 1991. BW PERSAUD, Lakshmi. Butterfly in the Wind. Leeds: Peepal Tree Press, 1990. CBN MOOTOO, Shani. Cereus Blooms at Night. London: Granta Books, 1996. CF MANOO-RAHMING, Lelawattee. Curry Flavour. Leeds: Peepal Tree Press, 2000. GM SHINEBOURNE, Janice. The Godmother and Other Stories. Leeds: Peepal Tree Press, 2004. IC ESPINET, Ramabai "Indian Cuisine" in The Massachussetts Review (Autumn, Winter 1994), pp. 563-73. JF Devi, Ananda. La Vie de Josphin le fou. Paris: Gallimard, 2003. JII SAM, Agnes. Jesus is Indian and Other Stories. Oxford: Heineman, 1989. LEP SHINEBOURNE, Janice. The Last English Plantation. Leeds: Peepal Tree Press, 1988. LMN PERSAUD, Lakshmi. For the Love of my Name. Peepal Tree Press, 1999. MFSWG DAS, Mahadai. My Finer Steel Will Grow. Vermont: Samis- dat, 1982. Ml DEVI, Ananda. Moi, l'interdite. Paris: Dapper, 2000. NS ESPINET, Ramabai. Nuclear Seasons. Toronto: Sister Vision Press, 1991. PA DEVI, Ananda. Pagli. Paris: Gallimard, 2001. 25 Transoceanic Dialogues PL BUDHOS, Marina. The Professor of Light. New York, Putnam, 1995. PP DAS, Mahadai. 1 Want to Be a Poetess of my People. Guyana National Service Publishing Centre, 1977. PV MOUTOUSSAMY, Laure. Passerelle de Vie. Paris:...

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