Show Less

Générations de fédéralistes européens depuis le XIXe siècle

Individus, groupes, espaces et réseaux

Series:

Edited By Geneviève Duchenne and Michel Dumoulin

Cet ouvrage reconsidère l’histoire du militantisme européen à l’aune du concept de génération. Essentielle pour appréhender le changement social et mesurer le temps historique, cette approche permet de percevoir autour de trois moments clés – avant 1900, autour de 1930 et autour de 1960 – les lignes de force qui structurent le discours européen.
En effet, les onze contributions rassemblées ici revisitent l’engagement de quelques fédéralistes européens aux XIX e et XX e siècles au sein d’espaces nationaux spécifiques – belge, hollandais, français, allemand, autrichien, hongrois, polonais ou encore italien.
La prise en compte des phénomènes d’âge est, en effet, particulièrement utile pour expliquer l’apparition, le développement et le succès, ou l’insuccès, de courants idéologiques nouveaux par-delà les ruptures provoquées par des crises politiques, sociales ou économiques.
Aussi, au-delà de l’engagement individuel au sein d’en espace géographique défini, ce sont bien des groupes et des réseaux qui émergent, à des moments-clés, sur la scène européenne.

Prices

Show Summary Details
Restricted access

TROISIÈME PARTIE. AUTOUR DE 1960

Extract

TROISIÈME PARTIE AUTOUR DE 1960 143 European Federalists in the 1960s Umberto MORELLI Professor at the Università degli Studi de Torino and Director of the Centro Studi sul federalismo European integration greatly benefited from the bottom-up action of NGOs and other non-institutional organizations, which developed alongside the top-down actions by governments and Community institu- tions. The process can be compared with Italy’s unification when Count Camillo Cavour, the Prime Minister of Piedmont, and King Victor Emanuel II acted with members of the democratic grouping such as Giuseppe Mazzini and Giuseppe Garibaldi who mobilized citizens. Likewise, the process of European unification saw national ministers such as Schuman, Adenauer, De Gasperi, Mitterrand, and Kohl with members of the Community institutions such as Hallstein and Delors as well as movements in favour of the European unification that were able to mobilise public opinion. Looking back on those times one realises that focusing on top-down initiatives ignoring the bottom-up ones would lead to an incomplete and lopsided picture of European integration. Federalist movements in various European countries and their continental organization, the Union of European Federalists,1 also played a major role. I. International and Continental Context of the European Integration in and about the 1960s Following the failure of the European Defence Community in 1954 and the attempt to reach political and military unification of Europe, the 1957 Rome Treaties re-launched economic integration pursuing a functionalist approach, the hallmark of the late 1950s and all the 1960s: the Common market proved so...

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

This site requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals.

Do you have any questions? Contact us.

Or login to access all content.