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Italian Yearbook of Human Rights 2011

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Edited By Centro interdipartimentale di ricera

The legal and political significance of human rights has increased enormously all over the world. The Italian Yearbook of Human Rights 2011 provides a dynamic picture of laws, institutions, policies and case law that have implemented international human rights norms in Italy over the past few years, particularly in 2010. The volume has four main sections, which concern respectively: Italy’s adaptation to international human rights law; the human rights infrastructure both at national and sub-national levels; Italy in dialogue with the international machinery; and national, European and international case law.
The Yearbook is the first volume in a series edited by the Centre for Human Rights and the Rights of Peoples of the University of Padua, in cooperation with the UNESCO Chair in Human Rights, Democracy and Peace at the same University. The Centre, founded in 1982 with the support of the Region of Veneto, carries out research and training programmes according to an interdisciplinary approach. It hosts the Jean Monnet Centre of Excellence on intercultural dialogue and human rights and edits the quarterly journal Pace diritti umani/Peace human rights. The Centre also works in cooperation with the European Commission, the Council of Europe, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights and UNESCO, as well as with civic organizations, schools and local authorities.
The editors of the Italian Yearbook of Human Rights 2011 include Andrea Cofelice, Pietro De Perini, Paola Degani, Paolo De Stefani, Marco Mascia, Antonio Papisca (coordinator) and Claudia Pividori.

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PART III. ITALY IN DIALOGUE WITH INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS INSTITUTIONS

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PART III ITALY IN DIALOGUE WITH INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS INSTITUTIONS 155 The United Nations System I. General Assembly The United Nations General Assembly is articulated in six main Committees, each made up of all UN Member States. Human rights issues are discussed mainly within the Third Committee (Social, Hu- manitarian and Cultural Committee). This Committee has competence in dealing with issues such as torture and other degrading, inhuman or cruel punishment or treatment; advancement of women; rights of refu- gees and displaced persons; promotion and safeguarding of children’s rights; rights of indigenous people; elimination of racism, racial discrim- ination, xenophobia and related intolerance; rights to self-determination; social development. In the framework of the activities of the General Assembly and the Third Committee, Italy’s effort in relation to human rights have primari- ly focused in the following issues: – Promotion of the rule of law and strengthening of democracy. Italy is a member of the Community of Democracies which organises a yearly conference at the ministerial level focusing on a selected topic. In 2010, the conference was on The role of women as a crucial factor in democratic governance. In addition, Italy is one of the chief donors to the United Nations Democracy Fund (UNDEF). – Fight against torture, xenophobia, racism and other forms of dis- crimination, with particular attention towards religious discrimination and intolerance. Italy is one of the main supporter of the resolution sponsored by the European Union, presented and approved by consen- sus during the 65th session of the General...

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