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Strategic Natural Resource Governance / La gouvernance des ressources naturelles stratégiques

Contemporary Environmental Perspectives / Perspectives contemporaines dans le domaine de l’environnement

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Edited By Carmen Maganda and Olivier Petit

Natural resources are exploited on a daily basis to provide basic services but they are managed for different purposes. Strategic environmental governance has been one of the most successful notions in the political arena and in the academic literature in recent times. This book presents different approaches to environmental governance, aiming to understand the roles of different stakeholders at different levels, which is a key issue in the field of environment and natural resources. The book is essential reading for researchers, students and decision-makers involved in the management of natural resources at local, regional, national and international levels.
Les ressources naturelles sont exploitées quotidiennement pour fournir des besoins élémentaires, mais elles sont également gérées pour différentes finalités. La notion de gouvernance environnementale stratégique a sans doute été l’une des notions ayant rencontré le plus de succès au niveau politique comme dans les milieux académiques, ces vingt dernières années, et un bilan s’avère aujourd’hui nécessaire. Cet ouvrage présente différentes approches de la gouvernance environnementale, visant notamment à comprendre le rôle des acteurs à différentes échelles, ce qui constitue un enjeu essentiel dans le domaine de l’environnement et des ressources naturelles. Cet ouvrage est destiné à un large lectorat composé de scientifiques, d’étudiants, mais aussi de gestionnaires de l’environnement opérant à toutes les échelles, du local à l’international.

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LAWYER’S VIEWPOINT: The Governance of Transboundary Aquifers. Evolution and Recent Developments (Raya Marina STEPHAN)

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221 LAWYER’S VIEWPOINT The Governance of Transboundary Aquifers Evolution and Recent Developments Raya Marina STEPHAN Lawyer, water law specialist, France Introduction: Theoretical Approach and Methodology Groundwater represents between 98 and 99% of our planet’s re- sources in freshwater (Margat, 2008). With the current water crisis, groundwater represents a non-negligible reserve of freshwater. More than half of the world’s population and a great number of socio- economic activities dependent on groundwater: 65% of these waters are used in agriculture, 25% for domestic purposes and 10% for industry (AFD, 2010). In arid and semi-arid regions where surface water is sea- sonal or non-existent, groundwater constitutes the only source of avail- able water. Like surface water, groundwater knows no boundaries and is found in aquifers which cross the borders of more than one State. As a matter of fact, aquifers were there before the borders. While there are 263 transboundary surface water basins, the number of transboundary aquifers identified worldwide until now is about 275, and this number is called to evolve with the on-going assessment work in various regions of the world. Despite their importance, and contrary to surface water basins, transboundary aquifers have received little attention at the international level. There are numerous agreements on transboundary surface water basins, but only four on cooperation over transboundary aquifers. And At the same time, transboundary aquifers are emerging in the international arena. But in most cases, these aquifers are developed from each side of the border without any concertation, in a unilateral way....

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