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Democracy at the United Nations

UN Reform in the Age of Globalisation

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Edited By Giovanni Finizio and Ernesto Gallo

What role should the United Nations play in a globalising world? How can it support and embody international democracy? The decline of state sovereignty, an effect of globalisation, is bringing about a crisis both in politics, as a tool to pursue the common good, and in democracy, as the key instrument by which we can control our destinies. The UN, the only organisation with broad political goals and worldwide jurisdiction, has the potential to manage globalisation democratically and promote the common good of humanity. However, it is still controlled by nation states and operates according to power relations typical of the pre-globalisation era. UN reform is therefore crucial, today more than ever.
This book examines two areas of reform: first, the creation of a democratic assembly in which world citizens are represented, in order to adapt democracy to meet the challenges of globalisation; and second, the strengthening of the Security Council through democratisation and regionalisation, in order to ensure world security, whose characteristics have evolved significantly in the global age. The contributors come from a wide variety of different backgrounds, including political science, sociology, economics, law, philosophy and history, providing a multifaceted and multidisciplinary debate on this important topic.

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Adler, Mortimer J. 58 Afghanistan 87, 89, 99, 139, 218, 223, 224, 225, 268 African Union (AU) 15, 19, 35, 36, 38, 48, 62, 64, 100, 123, 139, 233n, 243, 270, 304, 305, 305n, 307, 307n; position on the Securi- ty Council reform 307, 307n Al-Bashir, Omar 156 Albertini, Mario 43, 163n, 176 Algeria 93, 226 Alighieri, Dante 22 Andean Community 36, 304, 305n Anderson Kenneth 278n Andorra 50, 241 Andreatta, Beniamino 311 Annan, Kofi 16, 20, 22, 37, 115, 118, 119, 123, 133, 134, 135, 136, 137, 138, 138n, 139, 140, 141, 143, 144, 146, 227, 232, 258, 275, 276n, 287n, 293, 296, 296n, 297, 299, 307, 309, 311; and administrative reform 133 Arab League. See League of Arab States Arangio Ruiz, Gaetano 284n Archibugi, Daniele 31 Argentina: and Security Council reform 68, 234, 290 Armenia 245, 253, 254 Aron, Raymond 56 Arrighi, Giovanni 98 ASEAN + 3 38 Ashton, Catherine 14 Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) 37 Assembly of the Peoples. See World Parliament Association of South-East Asian Nations (ASEAN) 15, 35, 38, 48, 77, 242, 244, 270, 304 Australia 134n, 168, 169, 218, 245, 253, 277n, 279n; and conflict management 225 Austria 29, 30, 297n Bahrain 239 Baker, James A. 239 Bakunin, Mikhail 122 Balassa, Béla 32 Ban, Ki-moon 22, 121, 143, 144 Bandung period 85, 99 Bangladesh 244 Bank for International Settlements (BIS) 68, 74 Baratta, Joseph P. 184 Baruch Plan for the international control of the atomic energy 113 Beck, Ulrich 31, 46, 64 Belarus...

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