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The Emergence of the Social Economy in Public Policy / L’émergence de l’Économie sociale dans les politiques publiques

An International Analysis / Une analyse internationale

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Edited By CIRIEC

There is growing international recognition of the importance of the social economy, consisting of cooperatives, mutuals and non-profit organizations. The Social Economy provides resilience in financial crises, choice in a plural economy, greater social capital and the means for development of a more democratic and inclusive civil society. But questions remain: how best develop policies and institutions to exploit this potential? What policies have emerged? And why have they emerged in some countries and not in others? This book presents work undertaken by experts and policymakers from Europe, America and Asia under the auspices of CIRIEC’s International Scientific Commission on «Social and Cooperative Economy». After a general analysis of public policies concerning the social economy, its key features, objectives and pattern of evolution, the book provides a supranational and international approach from both a European perspective (examining the policies of European bodies) and a South American perspective. This is followed by a number of national and regional analyses. The book concludes by examining the evolution, divergence and convergence of the social economy and its integration in public policy.
Face à la crise, coopératives, mutuelles et associations tentent de créer du capital social et de construire une société plus démocratique et inclusive. L’Économie sociale serait-elle enfin entrée dans l’agenda politique des gouvernements ? Une vague de nouvelles lois et projets de lois d’économie sociale semblent le confirmer. Pourquoi ces politiques ont-elles émergé dans certains pays et non d’autres ? Quelles ont été leurs portée et limites ? Chercheurs et experts d’Europe, d’Amérique et d’Asie ont travaillé sous les auspices de la Commission scientifique internationale « Économie sociale et coopérative » du CIRIEC pour dresser un premier bilan international de ces questions. Cet ouvrage propose dans un premier temps une analyse générale des politiques publiques en faveur de l’Économie sociale, à la fois dans leur construction, leurs modalités, leurs objectifs et leurs évolutions. L’analyse se place ensuite dans une double perspective européenne (par l’examen des politiques des instances européennes) et latino-américaine. Enfin, des analyses nationales et régionales visent à mettre en exergue les spécificités historiques et institutionnelles.

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Social Economy and Public Policy in Japan. Uniqueness of its Relational Development and Current Status in the Social Service Provision Policy (Hajime IMAMURA)

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311 Social Economy and Public Policy in Japan Uniqueness of its Relational Development and Current Status in the Social Service Provision Policy Hajime IMAMURA Faculty of Economics, Toyo University (Japan) Abstract Social economy organisations in Japan have long been expected to be one of the primary contributors to the social general interest service supplies for the renewing Japanese welfare system. European models of the collaboration between social economy organisations and the public authorities under independent citizenship participation have also been the ideal model for the Japanese social economy organisations in the public policy sphere. However, they have not yet succeeded in accom- plishing the fully co-productive role in the public policy in Japan. Accordingly, this paper investigates the current and future positioning of social economy organisations in the Japanese public policy for social service provision. One reason for that is the consequences of the government-designed and top-down institutionalised system of provision of non-profit social welfare services in Japan. In this paper we will show that the Japanese government-designed social welfare system through non-profit style organisations consists of “Social Welfare Councils” and “Social Welfare Corporations”. This could be explained as one of the typical examples of Japanese “Associative Democracy” in the provision of social general- interest services under the guidance of public authorities. Secondly, although work incentives are very high through democrat- ic governance in each organisation, Japanese social economy organisa- tions are not well coordinated as far as social capitals with organisation outside this sector. However, this is not only...

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